What was once exotic and inaccessible now became comprehensible and accessible. Reproduction by written permission from Quintus Curtius only. Friedrich Schlegel Eigentlicher Gegenstand der Kritik sind nur Werke und Systeme von Werken, nicht Menschen. There is less agreement about the geographic region where these precursors settled, although the Out-of-India model has generally become discredited. Karl Friedrich von Schlegel was born on 10 March 1772 at Hanover, and his father was the Lutheran pastor Johann Adolf Schlegel in the Marktkirche. Gedichte von Friedrich Schlegel. They are now generally recognized as the deepest and most significant expressions of the subjective idealism of the early Romanticists. He moved to Austria in 1809, where he became a diplomat and journalist in service of Klemens von Metternich, the Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire. Vorträge Personalia Doktorandinnen und Doktoranden Auswahlverfahren 2009 Das Promotionsprogramm und die Stipendien der Friedrich-Schlegel-Graduiertenschule wur-den im Oktober 2008 ausgeschrieben; Bewerbungsschluss war der 31. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. [Trans. Prominent linguists then se… By her first marriage she had two sons, Johannes and Philipp Veit, who became eminent Catholic painters. He accompanied archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen to war and was stationed in Pest during the War of the Fifth Coalition. All rights reserved. Leider machte es … Here he advanced his ideas about religion and importantly argued that a people originating from India were the founders of the first European civilizations. The prolific root ina, signifying knowledge, science, and understanding, gives us the Persian shuneedun, shunoodlin, shimakhtián. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of Jena Romanticism. Schlegel died in 1829, at the age of 56. He lectured on philosophy in private courses for Sulpiz Boisserée, and under the tutelage of Antoine-Léonard de Chézy and linguist Alexander Hamilton he continued to study Sanskrit and the Persian language. He took up residence in India as a missionary, learned several south Indian languages, and integrated himself into Indian society; but timing is everything when it comes to the propagation of knowledge, and the European public was not yet ready to hear of his discoveries. 1906); there are also reprints of Lucinde, and F. Schleiermacher's Vertraute Briefe über Lucinde, 1800 (1907). He began a career as a writer and lecturer, and founded journals such as Athenaeum. There are some flights of fancy here, and odd digressions into metaphysics and religion that need not concern us; but here, at long last, is a clear and cogent demonstration of the common origins of the speech of Europe and India. The assertion of the common features of these languages is now generally accepted, albeit with significant revisions. Friedrich Schlegel - Biografie & Lebenslauf. He was born in Hanover in 1772 and, like many great linguists, came from a clerical background. In September 1800 he met four times with Goethe, who would later stage his tragedy Alarcos (1802) in Weimar, albeit with a notable lack of success. Weil er einsam war, lebte er ein paar Jahre nicht mit seiner Familie, sondern mit seinen Verwandten zusammen. Novalis and Schlegel had a famous conversation about German idealism. Friedrich Schlegel war kein einfaches Kind. With his brother, Schlegel founded the Athenaeum (1798–1800), the organ of the Romantic school, in which he dissected disapprovingly the immensely popular works of the sentimental novelist August Lafontaine. ( Log Out /  Before we begin, I cannot resist here quoting a favorite passage of mine from his essay “On the Limits of the Beautiful.”  It is an idea that resonates in my own experience, and encapsulates the classical ideal of reasonable moderation: The soul needs a certain amount of intellectual enjoyment to give it strength adequate for the daily struggle in which it is involved. Friedrich Schlegel Die Kritik muß also auch eine eigne Wissenschaft seyn! Januar 1829 in Dresden) war ein deutscher Kulturphilosoph, Philosoph, Kritiker, Literaturhistoriker und Übersetzer. He was born in Hanover in 1772 and, like many great linguists, came from a clerical background. In 1797 August and Friedrich broke with Friedrich Schiller. Since the Portuguese arrived in India in about 1510 and controlled whole cities by 1526, you’d suspect there were “under-documented” Portuguese priests and / or scholars who preceded de Nobili (who arrived in India in 1605.) The Latin video is somewhat different in signification, but more closely resembling the Indian in form. Friedrich Schlegel's wife, Dorothea von Schlegel, authored an unfinished romance, Florentin (1802), a Sammlung romantischer Dichtungen des Mittelalters (Collection of Romantic Poems of the Middle Ages) (2 vols., 1804), a version of Lother und Maller (1805), and a translation of Madame de Staël's Corinne (1807–1808) — all of which were issued under her husband's name. In June 1802 he arrived in Paris, where he lived in the house formerly owned by Baron d'Holbach and joined a circle including Heinrich Christoph Kolbe. Friedrich Schlegel 1. He also delivered lectures, which were republished in his Philosophie des Lebens (Philosophy of Life) (1828) and in his Philosophie der Geschichte (Philosophy of History) (1829). Also note the hand-written caption "Standarte VII Plauen" on the back of the photo. Schlegel compared Sanskrit with Latin, Greek, Persian and German, noting many similarities in vocabulary and grammar. Schlegel began the issue of his Sämtliche Werke (Collected Works). Motih is the Greek métis. ( Log Out /  By her first marriage she had two sons, Johannes and Philipp Veit, who became eminent Catholic painters. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Schlegel separates his book into discussions on (1) the Indian language generally; (2) the affinity of its roots; (3) the grammatical structure of Sanskrit; (4) the classification of language groups; (5) the origins of language; and (6) the differences between languages. Jones was also one of the first Europeans to translate a major work of Sanskrit literature, the play Shakuntala (अभिज्ञानशाकुन्तलम्), authored by the revered dramatist Kalidasa. Schlegels Ziel war nach eigenem Bekunden die verbindende Darstellung von Philosophie, Prosa, Poesie, Genialität und Kritik. Every inordinate indulgence involves a corresponding amount of suffering. At long last, we finally have what was so desperately needed:  a clear demonstration of the common origin of the Indo-European family of languages. Born into a fervently Protestant family, Schlegel rejected Christianity as a young man in favor of atheism and individualism. In 1819 he and Clemens Brentano made a trip to Rome, in the company of Metternich and Gentz. All learning builds on the shoulders of successive visionaries. He went to Vienna and in 1809 was appointed imperial court secretary at the military headquarters, editing the army newspaper and issuing fiery proclamations against Napoleon. This is what separates a linguist from a true philologist. Als er klein war, war er sehr oft krank. There he met with his wife and her sons. Jahrhundert gelebt, hättest du ihn wahrscheinlich als Super-Genie bezeichnet. Aktuell haben wir 2 Gedichte von Friedrich Schlegel in unserer Sammlung, die in folgender Kategorie zu finden sind: Gedichte der Romantik He was a linguist of staggering ability:  he was fluent in sixteen languages and competent in about a dozen others; even more importantly, he knew how to perceive connections that existed below the surface of linguistic data. [12][13], Karl Friedrich von Schlegel was born on 10 March 1772 at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel, was the pastor at the Lutheran Market Church. To make pleasure the sole object of life is to defeat our own intention; for man exists but in accordance with the decrees of nature, and her laws stand in constant opposition to his own desires. Things began to change gradually with the advancement in geographic, scientific, and commercial knowledge in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1797 he published Die Griechen und Römer (The Greeks and Romans), which was followed by Geschichte der Poesie der Griechen und R… Friedrich Schlegel's wife, Dorothea von Schlegel, authored an unfinished romance, Florentin (1802), a Sammlung romantischer Dichtungen des Mittelalters (Collection of Romantic Poems of the Middle Ages) (2 vols., 1804), a version of Lother und Maller (1805), and a translation of Madame de Staël's Corinne (1807–1808) — all of which were issued under her husband's name. Friedrich Schlegel, The Sanskrit Language, And The Beginnings Of Comparative Philology, View UC4iYbgNBL9F-lB7R5ef369Q’s profile on YouTube, On Duties: A Guide To Conduct, Obligations, And Decision-Making, Sallust: The Conspiracy Of Catiline And The War Of Jugurtha, Flee From Those Who Drain You, And Seek Those Who Sustain You, "Am I Too Quiet And Withdrawn?" Wichtige M… Let us pause to examine the major points in this passionate admixture of scholarship and Romanticism. In 1808 he published an epoch-making book, Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier (On the Language and Wisdom of India). He lectured on modern European history (1810),ancient and modern literature (1811), the philosophy of life (1827),the philosophy of history (1828) and the philosophy of language(1828–1829, a lecture series that was never completed because ofSchlegel's death). I venture to predict that the Indian study, if embraced with equal energy, will prove no less grand and universal in its operation, and have no less influence on the sphere of European intelligence. 2. Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel (* 10. In 1797 he quarreled with Schiller, who did not like his polemic work.[14]. More than any other man of his era, he cut away the tangled overgrowths of linguistic speculation and ignorance to see what truly lay beneath. From 1808 until his death in 1829, Schlegel was occupied with both literary work and appointments to various governmental posts. By 1799 he had become a fervent Romantic and was entirely devoted to literary activities; he was acquainted with Schiller and Goethe, but they seemed not quite to know what to make of this tumescent, artistic soul. ( Log Out /  95 years feels like a very long lag for the Portuguese & their priest guests to seriously study Indian culture. He edited the journal Europa (1803), where he published essays about Gothic architecture and the Old Masters. Life is a stern struggle between conflicting powers. That this happened is principally due to the efforts of a passionate German Romantic philosopher and linguist named Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (commonly cited as Friedrich Schlegel). Einführung Wer sich der Aufgabe stellt, Schlegels fragmentarische Äußerungen zur Kritik systematisch oder im systematischen Zusammenhang Schlegel published Die Griechen und Römer (The Greeks and Romans), which was followed by Geschichte der Poesie der Griechen und Römer (History of the Poesy of the Greeks and Romans) (1798). As we have noted, he was not the first to make this observation; but he was able to articulate his points in a way that the public could understand, and this made all the difference. From this time on, he became more and more opposed to the principles of political and religious freedom. His Prosaische Jugendschriften (1794–1802) have been edited by J. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the, a people originating from India were the founders of the first European civilizations, "Friedrich – Französisch-Übersetzung – Langenscheidt Deutsch-Französisch Wörterbuch", "Duden | Schlegel | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition", Review of J. G. Rhode, Über den Anfang unserer Geschichte und die letzte Revolution der Erde, L'épreuve de l'étranger. That Schlegel was able to record these connections, and present them to the lay reader in a way that was both intelligible and engaging, was a skill of considerable importance. Friedrich Schlegel war neben seinem Bruder August Wilhelm Schlegel einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der „Jenaer Frühromantik“. Wer war Friedrich Schlegel? For two years he studied law at Göttingen and Leipzig, and he met with Friedrich Schiller. In 1820 he started a conservative Catholic magazine, Concordia (1820–1823), but was criticized by Metternich and by his brother August Wilhelm, then professor of Indology in Bonn and busy publishing the Bhagavad Gita. Given Schlegel's conversion and the more conservati… He also published a volume of poems and carried on a controversy with Kotzebue. In 1793 he devoted himself entirely to literary work. Friedrich Schlegel's Sämtliche Werke appeared in 10 vols. In one of the papers he presented to the Royal Asiatic Society in 1786, he proposed that Sanskrit, India’s major literary language, shared a common ancestor with the so-called Indo-European languages. In collaboration with Josef von Pilat, editor of the Österreichischer Beobachter, and with the help of Adam Müller and Friedrich Schlegel, Metternich and Gentz projected a vision of Austria as the spiritual leader of a new Germany, drawing her strength and inspiration from a romanticised view of a medieval Catholic past.[17]. See R. Haym, Die romantische Schule (1870); I. Rouge, F. Schlegel et la genie du romantisme allemand (1904); by the same, Erläuterungen zu F. Schlegels „Lucinde“ (1905); M. Joachimi, Die Weltanschauung der Romantik (1905); W. Glawe, Die Religion F. Schlegels (1906); E. Kircher, Philosophie der Romantik (1906); M. Frank "Unendliche Annäherung". Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. He moved to Jena where his brother August lived and collaborated with Novalis, Ludwig Tieck, Fichte and Caroline Schelling. In the final twenty years of his life in Vienna, Schlegel followed onthe success of his brother's famous Lectures on Dramatic Art andLiterature, given in that city in 1808,with several lectureseries of his own.