[165] In July 1991, Bush and Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) treaty, in which both countries agreed to cut their strategic nuclear weapons by 30 percent. [309][310] Then, on December 5, Bush's casket was transferred from the Capitol rotunda to Washington National Cathedral where a state funeral was held. KENNEBUNKPORT, Maine (AP) — Former President George W. Bush on Friday backed Republican Sen. Susan Collins of Maine in his first public endorsement of the 2020 election cycle. Jimmy Carter le dépasse quelques mois plus tard. [249] Amid the early 1990s recession, his image shifted from "conquering hero" to "politician befuddled by economic matters". [180] Gorbachev's support, as well as China's abstention, helped ensure passage of the UN resolution. Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale, Secrétaire à la Santé et aux Services sociaux, Candidats républicains à la présidence des États-Unis, Candidats républicains à la vice-présidence des États-Unis, Ambassadeurs des États-Unis aux Nations unies, The Bush School of Government and Public Service, Négociations de l'Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, United States House of Representatives elections, 1966, Élection présidentielle américaine de 1980, Aéroport intercontinental George-Bush de Houston, What It Takes: The Way to the White House, The Family: The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_H._W._Bush&oldid=176226506, Membre du cabinet du président Ronald Reagan, Directeur de la Central Intelligence Agency, Ambassadeur américain auprès des Nations unies, Candidat à la présidence des États-Unis désigné par le Parti républicain, Personnalité de l'année selon Time Magazine, Récipiendaire de la médaille présidentielle de la Liberté, Récipiendaire de la Distinguished Flying Cross (États-Unis), Grand-croix de l'ordre du Mérite de la République fédérale d'Allemagne, Chevalier commandeur de l'ordre de l'Empire britannique, Grand-croix de l'ordre du Mérite de la république de Pologne, Récipiendaire de l'ordre de la Croix de Terra Mariana de première classe, Récipiendaire de l'ordre du roi Abdelaziz, Docteur honoris causa de l'université de Nankin, Docteur honoris causa de l'université d'État de l'Ohio, Docteur honoris causa de l'université Bar-Ilan, Docteur honoris causa de l'université Hofstra, Docteur honoris causa de l'université Harvard, Aviateur américain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Naissance dans le comté de Norfolk (Massachusetts), Personnalité décorée de l'ordre pro Merito Melitensi, Lieutenant (junior grade) de l'United States Navy, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Page pointant vers des bases relatives aux beaux-arts, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à l'audiovisuel, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la bande dessinée, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la musique, Page pointant vers des bases relatives au sport, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la vie publique, Portail:Politique aux États-Unis/Articles liés, Portail:Forces armées des États-Unis/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Politique, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [213] In vetoing the bill, Bush argued that it would lead to racial quotas in hiring. After Nixon won a landslide victory in the 1972 presidential election, he appointed Bush as chair of the Republican National Committee (RNC). [27], Bush met Barbara Pierce at a Christmas dance in Greenwich in December 1941,[28] and, after a period of courtship, they became engaged in December 1943. Mais l'économie s'impose comme le thème principal de la campagne et sa candidature souffre de sa politique économique, des républicains lui reprochant de ne pas avoir tenu ses promesses électorales au sujet de la fiscalité. [184] Despite the opposition of a majority of Democrats in both the House and the Senate, Congress approved the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 1991. George Herbert Walker Bush (June 12, 1924 – November 30, 2018) was an American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. En parallèle, le discours de Pat Buchanan sur la guerre des cultures et la prise de position du président du parti amènent des républicains modérés à opter pour le candidat démocrate, Bill Clinton[24]. [50], By the early 1960s, Bush was widely regarded as an appealing political candidate, and some leading Democrats attempted to convince Bush to become a Democrat. Bush dead at 94", "George Bush, 41st President, Dies at 94", "Bush 41 becomes longest-living president in US history", "Jimmy Carter's new milestone: Longest-lived U.S. president", "Texans who were presidents, vice-presidents", "George H.W. Mais celui-ci le prend comme colistier aux élections présidentielles de 1980 et 1984, ce qui permet à George Bush d'être vice-président des États-Unis de 1981 à 1989. [84] In his capacity as DCI, Bush gave national security briefings to Jimmy Carter both as a presidential candidate and as president-elect. Les membres du Conseil économique du président Bush se montrent par la suite résolument opposés à une politique de réduction d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre[11]. [286] Despite earlier political differences with Bill Clinton, the two former presidents eventually became friends. Mais le Congrès l'oblige à accroître les dépenses fédérales, avec une augmentation légère des impôts. [257] In early 1992, the race took an unexpected twist when Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot launched a third party bid, claiming that neither Republicans nor Democrats could eliminate the deficit and make government more efficient. "'His finest hour? Le public peut se recueillir devant sa dépouille, dans la rotonde du Capitole[38]. Bush)", "Bush pardons Weinberger, Five Other Tied to Iran-Contra", "Moving back to the 'hood .../CITIZEN BUSH", "The memoir I wish George H.W. [232] Bush signed the Immigration Act of 1990,[233] which led to a 40 percent increase in legal immigration to the United States. - image de fichier de 2008. [42] In 1952, he volunteered for the successful presidential campaign of Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower. [138] Leading in the general election polls against Bush, Dukakis ran an ineffective, low-risk campaign. Cette première guerre du Golfe contre l'Irak est alors une vaste opération armée menée sous l'égide de l'ONU[16]. [333] David Rothkopf argues: In 1990, Time magazine named him the Man of the Year. [332] Andrew Bacevich judges the Bush administration as “morally obtuse” in the light of its “business-as-usual” attitude towards China after the massacre in Tiananmen Square and its uncritical support of Gorbachev as the Soviet Union disintegrated. En 1992, 7,8 % de la population active américaine est au chômage. Bush ran for president in 1980, but was defeated in the Republican presidential primaries by Ronald Reagan. [9] Because of the family's wealth, Bush was largely unaffected by the Great Depression. En 1970, il est candidat au Sénat des États-Unis avec James Baker comme directeur de campagne. [343] The library is located on a 90-acre (36 ha) site on the west campus of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. As the President of the Senate, Bush also stayed in contact with members of Congress and kept the president informed on occurrences on Capitol Hill. [323], In 2018, Vox highlighted Bush for his "pragmatism" as a moderate Republican president by working across the aisle. Après la guerre, George Bush entre à l'université Yale où il rejoint la fraternité Delta Kappa Epsilon et est, tel son père Prescott Bush (1917) puis son fils George W. Bush (1968), admis en 1948 dans la très secrète Skull and Bones Society ce qui lui permet d'initier la construction d'un solide réseau politique. [295], In August 2017, after the violence at Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, both Presidents Bush released a joint statement saying, "America must always reject racial bigotry, anti-Semitism, and hatred in all forms[. [139] The Bush campaign attacked Dukakis as an unpatriotic liberal extremist and seized on the Willie Horton case, in which a convicted felon from Massachusetts raped a woman while on a prison furlough, a program Dukakis supported as governor. [55], In 1966, Bush ran for the United States House of Representatives in Texas's 7th congressional district, a newly redistricted seat in the Greater Houston area. "[322] In the 2010s, Bush was fondly remembered for his willingness to compromise, which contrasted with the intensely partisan era that followed his presidency. [h] Bush lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol from December 3 through December 5; he was the 12th U.S. president to be accorded this honor. [132] Much as Reagan had done in 1980, Bush reorganized his staff and concentrated on the New Hampshire primary. [95] Prior to the New Hampshire primary, Bush and Reagan agreed to a two-person debate, organized by The Nashua Telegraph but paid for by the Reagan campaign. George Bush épouse Barbara Pierce le 6 janvier 1945. La crise se dénoue finalement par la fuite des putschistes et l'implosion de l'URSS privant les États-Unis de leur ennemi légendaire, donnant naissance, selon George Bush, à un « nouvel ordre mondial » (New World Order) dans lequel les États-Unis, de facto l'unique superpuissance mondiale, doivent commencer à redéfinir leur rôle. [25], Bush returned to San Jacinto in November 1944, participating in operations in the Philippines. [169] In January 1993, Bush and Yeltsin agreed to START II, which provided for further nuclear arms reductions on top of the original START treaty. [80] In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and the Vietnam War, the CIA's reputation had been damaged for its role in various covert operations, and Bush was tasked with restoring the agency's morale and public reputation. According to the accounts of an American pilot and a Japanese individual, another parachute from Bush's aircraft opened, but the bodies of White and Delaney were never recovered. En décembre 1989, George Bush autorise une intervention militaire américaine au Panama pour destituer le président Manuel Noriega dont le régime menace les intérêts américains. Le fait que le pays ait un président républicain depuis 1981 joue également en sa défaveur. Il est proclamé président des États-Unis par le Congrès le 8 janvier 1989, après l'officialisation des résultats du collège de grands électeurs. NAFTA was signed in December 1992, after Bush lost re-election,[191] but President Clinton won ratification of NAFTA in 1993. En 1971, Richard Nixon le nomme ambassadeur des États-Unis aux Nations unies. [202], Bush and congressional leaders agreed to avoid major changes to the budget for fiscal year 1990, which began in October 1989. [204] In a statement released in late June 1990, Bush said that he would be open to a deficit reduction program which included spending cuts, incentives for economic growth, budget process reform, as well as tax increases. [58], Following the resignation of Vice President Agnew in 1973 for a scandal unrelated to Watergate, Bush was considered for the position of vice president, but the appointment instead went to Gerald Ford. Suivant les traces de son père et de son grand-père en politique, George Walker est élu gouverneur du Texas en 1995 et président des États-Unis en 2000. [200] As he was opposed to major defense spending cuts[201] and had pledged to not raise taxes, the president had major difficulties in balancing the budget. Il est capitaine de l'équipe de baseball et membre d'une fraternité très fermée, la Auctoritas, Unitas, Veritas (Autorité, unité, vérité). [107] The Bushes attended a large number of public and ceremonial events in their positions, including many state funerals, which became a common joke for comedians. En 1977, après l'élection du démocrate Jimmy Carter à la présidence, George Bush décide de se mettre pour quelque temps en retrait des affaires politiques et de prendre la présidence du comité exécutif de la First International Bank (en) à Houston, poste qu'il occupe jusqu'en 1979[6]. L'administration Bush s'inquiétait également des événements qui se déroulaient dans les Balkans et qui menaçaient gravement leur stabilité[20]. A member of the Republican Party, Bush also served as the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989, in the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. [252] As a result, many leading Democrats, including Mario Cuomo, Dick Gephardt, and Al Gore, declined to seek their party's presidential nomination. Chart your own course, not just on the issues but on defining yourselves". Il met en avant son bilan en matière de politique étrangère. [58][59] In 1968, Bush joined several other Republicans in issuing the party's Response to the State of the Union address; Bush's part of the address focused on a call for fiscal responsibility. Foreign policy drove the Bush presidency, as he navigated the final years of the Cold War and played a key role in the reunification of Germany. [135] Bush also pledged that he would not raise taxes, stating: "Congress will push me to raise taxes, and I'll say no, and they'll push, and I'll say no, and they'll push again. [324] They specifically noted Bush's accomplishments within the domestic policy by making bipartisan deals, including raising with tax budget among the wealthy with the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990. Son premier engagement en politique date de juin 1940, lorsqu’il assiste au discours d'Henry Lewis Stimson, Secrétaire à la Guerre du président Roosevelt, venu à la Phillips Academy parler du chancelier Adolf Hitler et du rôle que devraient tenir les États-Unis dans la défense des démocraties occidentales. [335] In 1997, the Houston Intercontinental Airport was renamed as the George Bush Intercontinental Airport. George H. W. Bush later said that he voted for the Democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton, in the general election. [65] During Bush's tenure, the Nixon administration pursued a policy of détente, seeking to ease tensions with both the Soviet Union and China. November 1999 sprachen (v.l.n.r.) [317] A 2017 C-Span poll of historians also ranked Bush as the 20th best president out of 43. [86] He also spent a year as a part-time professor of Administrative Science at Rice University's Jones School of Business,[87] continued his membership in the Council on Foreign Relations, and joined the Trilateral Commission. Bush issue joint statement condemning racism and anti-Semitism", "Barbara Bush, Wife of 41st President and Mother of 43rd, Dies at 92", "Bush family releases details on Barbara Bush's funeral, public visitation", "Presidents pay their respects as Barbara Bush is laid to rest", "Barbara Bush remembered at funeral as 'the first lady of the greatest generation, "The story behind that viral photo of the past 4 presidents all in the same place", "George H.W. [274] He never published his memoirs, but he and Brent Scowcroft co-wrote A World Transformed, a 1999 work on foreign policy. Bush's legacy lives on at Houston airport named after him", "Former President Bush honored at emotional ceremony renaming CIA headquarters", "Future USS George H. W. Bush to Transit", "Carrier awaits a call to come to life in ceremony today", "Texas ceremony marks issuing of George H.W. [275], During a 1993 visit to Kuwait, Bush was targeted in an assassination plot directed by the Iraqi Intelligence Service. [46] Shortly after the subsidiary became independent in 1959, Bush moved the company and his family from Midland to Houston. Élu à la Chambre des représentants des États-Unis pour le Texas en 1966, il est nommé ambassadeur américain aux Nations unies en 1971 par le président Richard Nixon. [18] Though both of Bush's fellow crew members died, Bush successfully bailed out from the aircraft and was rescued by the USS Finback. "[223] During his presidency, Bush honored numerous volunteers with the Daily Point of Light Award, a tradition that was continued by his presidential successors. [173] Historian Stewart Brewer argues that the invasion "represented a new era in American foreign policy" because Bush did not justify the invasion under the Monroe Doctrine or the threat of Communism, but rather on the grounds that it was in the best interests of the United States. [116] In the end, Reagan won re-election, winning 49 of 50 states and receiving 59% of the popular vote to Mondale's 41%. [13] He was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and was elected its president. Il est par la suite chef de liaison en Chine populaire, puis est promu directeur de la CIA en 1976. He supported the Nixon administration's Vietnam policies, but broke with Republicans on the issue of birth control, which he supported. [316] His faith was reflected in his Thousand Points of Light speech, his support for prayer in schools, and his support for the pro-life movement (following his election as vice president). A moderate who was affiliated with the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC), Clinton favored welfare reform, deficit reduction, and a tax cut for the middle class. [267] Bush blamed Perot in part for his defeat, though exit polls showed that Perot drew his voters about equally from Clinton and Bush. [199] Bush's top domestic priority was to bring an end to federal budget deficits, which he saw as a liability for the country's long-term economic health and standing in the world. Bush to lie in state in US Capitol; Trump to attend funeral", "Individuals Who Have Lain in State or in Honor", "Thousands honor former President George H.W. [221] Bush also signed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. To commemorate the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, and recognize the service of the first female senator in 1922, learn about the Women of the Senate. After the win, Bush stated that his campaign was full of momentum, or "the Big Mo",[93] and Reagan reorganized his campaign. After the bill passed both houses of Congress, Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 into law in July 1990. "[136] Bush selected little-known Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana as his running mate. KENNEBUNKPORT, Maine — Former President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush gave a strong endorsement today of Sen. Susan Collins, who is in a tough re-election battle against Democrat Sara Gideon. [13] Their oldest daughter, Robin, died of leukemia in 1953. L'opération est un succès pour la coalition. (AP Photo/J. ", This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:54. Lorsque George Bush devient président des États-Unis, le budget du pays est déficitaire du fait de la politique étrangère de Ronald Reagan, qui avait relancé la course aux armements pour revenir à hauteur de l'Union soviétique, et de sa baisse massive de la fiscalité : le déficit s'établit ainsi à 220 milliards en 1990. Le 8 novembre 1988, George Bush remporte l'élection présidentielle, obtenant 426 grands électeurs et 53,4 % du vote populaire. [209], -Bush's remarks at the signing ceremony for the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990[210], The disabled had not received legal protections under the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, and many faced discrimination and segregation by the time Bush took office. Bush stamp", "National Archives Accepts Bush Library as Tenth Presidential Library", National Archives and Records Administration, "The Birth of the Tenth Presidential Library: The Bush Presidential Materials Project, 1993–1994", "How Texas A&M became home to the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum", "The President Who Treated Me Like a Son", "Interview with: George W. Bush, Barbara Bush", George H.W. [44] In 1953 he co-founded the Zapata Petroleum Corporation, an oil company that drilled in the Permian Basin in Texas. [313] Later in life, Bush suffered from vascular parkinsonism, a form of Parkinson's disease which forced him to use a motorized scooter or wheelchair. Ultimately, the other four candidates left the stage and the debate continued, but Bush's refusal to debate anyone other than Reagan badly damaged his campaign in New Hampshire. [36] Like his father, he was a member of the Yale cheerleading squad[37] and was initiated into the Skull and Bones secret society. Thomas, the former head of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), faced heavy opposition in the Senate, as well as from pro-choice groups and the NAACP. After working as a Wall Street executive investment banker, he represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1952 to 1963.