6 für hohen Bariton und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. Durch welche Werke lebt er im Bewusstsein des deutschen Volkes, und in wiefern ist seine Beziehung von ihm zu Goethe gegeben? Johann Peter Vogel: Hans Pfitzner – Leben, Werke, Dokumente. From the mid-1920s, Pfitzner's music increasingly fell in the shadow of Richard Strauss. Very early in Hitler's rule, Pfitzner received an injunction from Hans Frank (by this time Justice Minister in Bavaria) and Wilhelm Frick (Interior Minister in Hitler's own cabinet) against traveling to the Salzburg Festival in 1933 to conduct his violin concerto. Die dramatische Person Schauspieler und Bühnensänger IV. Hitler did most of the talking, but Pfitzner dared to contradict him regarding the homosexual and antisemitic thinker Otto Weininger, causing Hitler to leave in a huff. His opera, Das Herz of 1932, was unsuccessful. For example, he recommended the performance of Marschner's opera Der Templer und die Jüdin based on Scott's Ivanhoe, protected his Jewish pupil Felix Wolfes of Cologne, along with conductor Furtwängler aided the young conductor Hans Schwieger, who had a Jewish wife, and maintained his friendship with Bruno Walter and especially his childhood journalist friend Paul Cossman, a "self-loathing" non-practicing Jew who was incarcerated in 1933. Hitler, however, saw to it that the composer was passed over in favor of party hacks for positions as opera director in Düsseldorf and Generalintendant of the Berlin Municipal Opera, despite hints from authorities that both positions were being held for him. 25 für Bariton und Orchester (Männerchor ad. 36a (nach dem Streichquartett cis-Moll op. Anwendung auf bekannte Werke 3. Mai 1869 in Moskau geboren, wo sein Vater Geiger an der Oper war. Eine Einführung] "Die Rose vom Liebesgarten" in Wien [Vorwort zu der Ouvertüre der Musik zu Heinrich von Kleists "Käthchen von Heilbronn"] [Anmerkungen zum "Gesang der Barden" aus "Die Hermannsschlacht" von Heinrich von Kleist] Palestrina Mein "Hauptwerk" [Der zweite Akt "Palestrina" - ein Vermächtnis und eine Abwehr] Von deutscher Seele. Pfitzner's music—including pieces in all the major genres except the symphonic poem—was respected by contemporaries such as Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss, although neither man cared much for Pfitzner's innately acerbic manner (and Alma Mahler repaid his adoration with contempt, despite her agreement with his intuitive musical idealism, a fact evident in her letters to the wife of Alban Berg). Later on, Hitler told Nazi cultural architect Alfred Rosenberg that he wanted "nothing further to do with this Jewish rabbi." Die mittelbaren Aufzeichnungen V. Über das Dirigieren Der Dirigent in der Beurteilung Der Dirigent in der Zeit Das Dirigieren VI. Pfitzner remained a peripheral figure in the musical life of the Third Reich, and his music was performed less frequently than in the late days of the Weimar Republic.[12]. Pfitzner's petitions probably contributed to Cossman's release in 1934, although he was eventually re-arrested in 1942 and died of dysentery in Theresienstadt. He was also given a minimal pension of a few hundred marks a month, which he contested until 1937 when Goebbels resolved the issue. 10, Rundgesang zum Neujahrsfest 1901: "Du altes Jahr" (E. v. Wolzogen) für Bass-Solo und 4-stg. Werke von Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949) Ihr Browser blockiert die Anzeige von Werbebannern. 30 für Singstimme und Klavier, Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Es-Dur op. In 1884 he wrote his first songs. Bart und Bühne II. But what if it were otherwise? The family returned to his father's native town Frankfurt in 1872, when Pfitzner was two years old, and he always considered Frankfurt his home town. Pfitzner's work was appreciated by contemporaries including Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler, who explicitly described Pfitzner's second string quartet of 1902/03 as a masterpiece. He taught piano and theory at the Koblenz Conservatory from 1892 to 1893. Von 1886 bis 1890 studierte Hans Pfitzner Klavier und Komposition, ohne besondere Aufmerksamkeit zu erregen. In 1938, Pfitzner joked that he was afraid to see a celebrated eye doctor in Munich because "his great-grandmother had once observed a quarter-Jew crossing the street." E.T.A. Increasingly nationalistic in his middle and old age, Pfitzner was at first regarded sympathetically by important figures in the Third Reich, in particular by Hans Frank, with whom he remained on good terms. [5] In 2001, Sabine Busch examined the ideological tug-of-war of the composer's involvement with the National Socialists, based in part on previously unavailable material. Die neue Ästhetik der musikalischen Impotenz (nebst zwei Vorworten) III. More to the point, Heydrich "saved" the opera. Hans Erich Pfitzner (5 May 1869 – 22 May 1949) was a German composer and self-described anti-modernist. The attempts which Pfitzner made on behalf of Cossman might have caused Gestapo chief Reinhard Heydrich, incidentally the son of the heldentenor who premiered Pfitzner's first opera, to investigate him. Although Pfitzner's music betrays Wagnerian influences, the composer was not attracted to Bayreuth, and was personally despised by Cosima Wagner, in part because Pfitzner sought notice and recognition from such "anti-Wagnerian" composers as Max Bruch and Johannes Brahms. Mai 1949 in Salzburg) war ein deutscher Komponist, Dirigent und Autor theoretischer und politischer Schriften, oft mit dezidiert antisemitischer Zielrichtung. Hans Pfitzner wurde am 5. "[6] The most comprehensive English-language account of Pfitzner's relations with the Nazis is by Michael Kater.[1]. 1 und die für Violine und Klavier op. ), Fünf Lieder op. Weber's Freischütz 3. For other people, see, Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002, "Warum ein Linker die Musik der Nazi-Zeit dirigert", UbuWeb:A New Musical Reality": Futurism, Modernism, and "The Art of Noises", International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hans_Pfitzner&oldid=982925524, Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, James Grun (1868-1928) after Hartmann von Aue, Romantic Opera with a Prelude, two acts, and postlude, Duo for Violin, Cello, and small Orchestra, Sonata in F-sharp minor (Cello and piano), for clarinet, violin, viola, cello, contrabass, and piano, ballade for women's chorus, alto & orchestra (after Ferdinand Freiligrath), for four soloists, mixed choir, orchestra & organ, choral fantasy with soprano, baritone, orchestra & organ. Richard von Volkmann, Hermann Lingg, Aldof Böttger, Alexander Kaufmann, anon. But after the war he was denazified and re-pensioned, performance bans were lifted and he was granted residence in the old people's home in Salzburg. 22 für Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. Leben . Pfitzner, unaware of this comment, believed Hitler to be sympathetic to him. 19 (Busse) für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Zwei Lieder op. Pfitzner's works combine Romantic and Late Romantic elements with extended thematic development, atmospheric music drama, and the intimacy of chamber music. He received early instruction in violin from his father, and his earliest compositions were composed at age 11. This article is about the composer. Columbia University musicologist Walter Frisch has described Pfitzner as a "regressive modernist." Pfitzner's home having been destroyed in the war by Allied bombing, and his membership in the Munich Academy of Music having been revoked for his speaking out against Nazism, the composer in 1945 found himself homeless and mentally ill. Futuristengefahr, Gesammelte Schriften, Band II (Augsburg 1926) I. Zur Grundfrage der Operndichtung 1. 26 für Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. Jahrhunderts, die Musiker mit dem Ende der deutschen (klassisch-romantischen) Hegemonie in der Musik auseinanderzusetzen haben. Mai 1949 in Salzburg) war ein deutscher Komponist und Dirigent. It was while the former was a hospital patient: Pfitzner had undergone a gall bladder operation when Anton Drexler, who knew both men well, arranged a visit. 9 für Singstimme und Klavier, Drei Lieder für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier op. There, in 1949, he died. For a Nazi party rally in 1934, Pfitzner had hopes of being allowed to conduct; but he was rejected for the role, and at the rally himself he learned for the first time that Hitler considered him to be half-Jewish. 55. Er war 1892-94 Lehrer am Koblenzer Konservatorium und nahm im Anschluss daran für zwei Jahre die Stelle eines unbesoldeten (!) When the Nazis came to power in 1933, Rosenberg recruited Pfitzner, a notoriously bad speaker, to lecture for the Militant League for German Culture (Kampfbund für deutsche Kultur) that same year and Pfitzner accepted, hoping it would help him find an influential position. Hans Pfitzner (1869 – 1949) hat nur zwei Duo-Sonaten geschrieben: die für Violoncello und Klavier op. "[citation needed] Pfitzner had a similar debate with the critic Paul Bekker. Several of them were recorded during the 1930s by the distinguished baritone Gerhard Hüsch, with the composer at the piano. 40 für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Drei Sonette op. 31, Vier Lieder op. The works betray a late pious inspiration and although they take on a late Romantic qualities, they show others associated with the brooding unwieldiness of a modern idiom. In 1895, Richard Bruno Heydrich sang the title role in the premiere of Hans Pfitzner's first opera, Der arme Heinrich, based on the poem of the same name by Hartmann von Aue. 3 für mittlere Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. Dieser Artikel umfasst die wichtigsten musikalischen Werke von Hans Erich Pfitzner (* 5. [4] He was willing to make exceptions to a general policy of antisemitism. In the early thirties he often accompanied famed contralto Ottilie Metzger-Lattermann, later murdered in Auschwitz, in recitals and had dedicated his four songs, Op. His complete songs have been recorded on the CPO label. 1 und die für Violine und Klavier op. von Bernhard Adamy, Tutzing 1987 A. Vorwort zur Aufsatzsammlung "Vom musikalischen Drama" (1915) Berliner Theater Shakespeare-Dämmerung? Search. He incurred extra wrath from the Nazis by refusing to obey the regime's request to provide incidental music to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream that could be used in place of the famous setting by Felix Mendelssohn, unacceptable to the Nazis because of his Jewish origin. 19, to her as early as 1905. Mai 1869 in Moskau; † 22. Eine traditionelle Falschbetonung im "Faust" Das Rätsel der Turandot Pantragismus und Pessimismus [Gedanken über den Selbstmord] Über die persönliche Fortdauer nach dem Tode Totengespräch Was ist geistliche Musik? Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Der Spielleiter Abschweifungen Hinweise auf Band II Personenregister, Gesammelte Schriften, Band IV, hrsg. Hans Erich Pfitzner (* 5. [13] Composer Wolfgang Rihm commented on the increasing popularity of Pfitzner's work in 1981: Pfitzner is too progressive, not simply, the way Korngold can be taken to be; he is also too conservative, if that means to be influenced by someone like Schoenberg. Zur Uraufführung der romantischen Kantate am 27. Tensions with Mann, however, developed and the two severed relations by 1926. [1] His bitterness and cultural pessimism deepened in the 1920s with the death of his wife in 1926 and with meningitis affecting his older son Paul, who was committed to institutionalized medical care. He worked with Jewish musicians throughout his career. Furtwängler conducted a performance of his Symphony in C major at the Salzburg Festival with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra in the summer of 1949, just after the composer's death. (Fragment)] [Zur Feier des 150jährigen Bestehens der Gewandhauskonzerte] Der Schutz des künstlerischen Schaffens Über den Orchestermusiker Über Kunstpflege und Jugend Die Verpöbelung des Lebens in Geräuschen Aphorismen 81 deutsche volkstümliche Sprachausdrücke in Reim und Stabreim B. Melot der Verruchte 3. "Busoni," Pfitzner complained, "places all his hopes for Western music in the future and understands the present and past as a faltering beginning, as the preparation. Die Familie zog 1872 nach Frankfurt am Main um. He viewed control over the stage direction to be his particular domain, and this view was to cause him particular difficulty for the rest of his career. What if we find ourselves presently at a high point, or even that we have already passed beyond it? HANS PFITZNER Klavierquintett C-Dur, op. On the day before he died in February 1962, Walter dictated his last letter, which ended "Despite all the dark experiences of today I am still confident that Palestrina will remain. From 1886 to 1890 he studied composition with Iwan Knorr and piano with James Kwast at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt. 15 für Singstimme und Klavier, Ouvertüre und Ausschnitte BERLIN classics CD 90262BC, Zwei Lieder op. 24, to Jewish critic and Jewish cultural society founder Arthur Eloesser in 1909. Familie zog 1872 nach Frankfurt am Main um. Hans Pfitzner’s Palestrina is one of the unsung masterpieces of twentieth-century opera. Weltkrieg Antwort auf Thomas Manns Anrempelung vom 30. (He later married Kwast's daughter Mimi Kwast, a granddaughter of Ferdinand Hiller, after she had rejected the advances of Percy Grainger.) 29 für Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. Künstlerisch brachten diese Jahre weitere wichtige Werke, so die 1933 uraufgeführte Sinfonie cis-moll op. Klassika finanziert sich ausschließlich über diese Werbebanner und die Weiterleitung an einen Shop. ハンス・プフィッツナーの著作およびハンス・プフィッツナーを主題とする文献 - ドイツ国立図書館の蔵書目録(ドイツ語)より。 Offizielle Website der Hans-Pfitzner–Gesellschaft e.V. 43, Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester a-Moll op. Seine musikalische Ausbildung erhielt er am Hochschen Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main, in dessen konservativ geprägtem Umfeld der junge Wagnerianer nicht gedeihen konnte. 34 (1923) to the Australian violinist Alma Moodie. 4. Juni 1947 Brief an Bruno Walter, 5.10.1946 C. Humoristika Die Folgen vom Bier, oder Lehm und Buran Café Lohengrin Das neue Jahr 1920 kommt zu den Deutschen Drei Parodien: Der Widerspenstigen Zähmung Lohengrin - Als Kurzoper bearbeitet von Paralyticus Schöpfrich An meine lieben Münchner Philharmoniker Schön-Rotkraut Offener Brief [über "Herr Oluf" op.12] [Das Vorspiel zum Drama "Die Rose vom Liebesgarten". 27, die eine nach Abschluss seiner Studien am Hoch’schen Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main 1890, die andere zum Abschluss seiner Straßburger Zeit 1918. In 1934 Pfitzner was forced into retirement and lost his positions as opera conductor, stage director and academy professor. Mai 1949 in Salzburg). This hardened several difficult traits in Pfitzner's personality: an elitism believing he was entitled to sinecures for his contributions to German art and for the hard work of his youth, notorious social awkwardness and a lack of tact, a sincere belief that his music was under-recognized and under-appreciated with a tendency for his sympathizers to form cults around him, a patronizing style with his publishers, and a feeling that he had been personally slighted by Germany's enemies. 21 für hohe Singstimme und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. 41 für Männerstimme und Klavier, Sinfonie cis-Moll op. [3] On one occasion in 1927, conductor Peter Raabe programmed the concerto for public broadcast and performance in Aachen but did not budget for copying of the sheet music; as a result, the work was "withdrawn" at the last minute and replaced with the familiar Brahms concerto. Über musikalische Inspiration Zur Kundgebung gegen die Wagner-Rede Thomas Manns Deutsche Opernkunst in Berlin ausge-Rode-t Deutsche Zukunft [Für den Deutschen Studentenbund] [Über Antisemitismus] [Meine Stellung im Dritten Reich] Glosse zum II. This became a conservative rebellion against all modernist conformity. Biografie. Nor was Hitler the first person to suppose this. In Strasbourg, Pfitzner finally had some professional stability, and it was there he gained significant power to direct his own operas. But he soon fell out with chief Nazis, who were alienated by his long musical association with the Jewish conductor Bruno Walter. 1,693 words. [2], Easily the most celebrated of Pfitzner's prose works is his pamphlet Futuristengefahr ("Danger of Futurists"), written in response to Ferruccio Busoni's Sketch for a New Aesthetic of Music. von Hans Rectanus), Streichquartett d-Moll (hg. At that time, the Pfitzner concerto was considered the most important addition to the violin concerto repertoire since the first concerto of Max Bruch (1866), although it is not played by most violinists these days. 3 orchestrated. 34, Sechs Liebeslieder op. 11 für Singstimme und Klavier, Vier Lieder op. von Wolfgang Osthoff), Sonate für Violoncello und Klavier fis-Moll op. Pfitzner stand mit seiner Haltung dem Erfolg seiner Werke oft selbst im Weg, hinzukommt ein seltsamer, unbeeinflußbarer Hang zum Unglück. Der Mann, der sich das Dirigieren selbst beibrachte, wirkt daher wie ein Gegenentwurf zum strahlenden, erfolgsverwöhnten Zeitgenossen Richard Strauss. All this has audible consequences. Allgemeine Betrachtung 2. Hans Pfitzner (1869 – 1949) hat nur zwei Duo-Sonaten geschrieben: die für Violoncello und Klavier op. gemischten Chor oder 3-stg. Pfitzner was forced to prove that he had, in fact, totally Gentile ancestry. 23. Kammermusik und Einzelspiel VII. Komponist - Dirigent - Regisseur - Schriftsteller, (Angaben zu Tonträgern erheben keinerlei Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit und Lieferbarkeit), Vom musikalischen Drama, München/Leipzig 1915, Die neue Ästhetik der musikalischen Impotenz, München 1920, Über musikalische Inspiration, Berlin 1940, Gesammelte Schriften, Band I (Augsburg 1926) I. Bühnen-Tradition 1. Pfitzner had managed to gain a stable conducting contract from the Munich opera in 1928, but ran into demeaning treatment from chief conductor Hans Knappertsbusch and from the opera house's intendant, a man named Franckenstein. 52, Drei Gesänge op. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Pfitzner maintained that Mendelssohn's original was far better than anything he himself could offer as a substitute. Der Boykott meiner Werke am Münchner Hoftheater [Offener Brief über "Palestrina" in Bayreuth] [Offener Brief in Sachen "Werk und Wiedergabe"] Scherings Beethoven-Deutung Denkschrift bei Gelegenheit meiner Spielleitung des "Herz" auf Einladung der General-Intendanz der Berliner Staatstheater Offener Brief an den Herausgeber der Zeitschrift "Völkische Kultur" in Dresden, Dr. Wolfgang Nufer Was ist musikalische Inspiration? Bereits mit elf Jahren komponierte kleine Hans seine ersten Werke 1884 entstanden die ersten berlieferten Lieder. The work is based on a legend surrounding the Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, according to which his composition of the … The work has all the elements of immortality". Hans Pfitzner hat soeben den Goethepreis der Stadt Frankfurt erhalten. Mai 1869 in Moskau geboren. 1886 - 90 studierte Pfitzner am Hochschen Konservatorium in Frankfurt Komposition bei Iwan Knorr Klavier bei James Kwast. 36a (eine Bearbeitung d. Der Parsifal-Stoff und seine Gestaltungen III. Einleitung 2. During the 1990s more and more musicologists, mainly German and British, began examining Pfitzner's life and work. 7 für Singstimme und Klavier, Fünf Lieder op. Männerchor, Fünf Lieder op. 外部リンク. Hans Pfitzner : Leben, Werke, Dokumente. He co-founded the Hans Pfitzner Association for German Music in 1918. Mai 1869 in Moskau; 22. Hans Pfitzner Palestrina Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, conducted by Rafael Kubelík Deutsche Grammophon, 1989. [11] Thomas Mann praised Palestrina in a short essay published in October 1917. 36), Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester G-Dur op. His is a highly personal offshoot of the Classical/Romantic tradition as well as the conservative musical aesthetic[7] and Pfitzner defended his style in his own writings. The central event of Pfitzner's life was the annexation of Imperial Alsace—and with it Strasbourg—by France in the aftermath of World War I. Pfitzner lost his livelihood and was left destitute at age 50. Hans Pfitzner wurde am 5. Hans Pfitzner 1 Hans Pfitzner Hans Pfitzner, 1905 Hans Erich Pfitzner (* 5. 1, Sieben Lieder op. Als diesem 1872 eine Stelle im Frankfurter Opernorchester angeboten wurde, zog die Familie nach Deutschland zurück. [9] For example, composer Arthur Honegger writes in 1955, after criticizing too much polyphony and overly long orchestral writing in a long essay devoted to Palestrina, Musically, the work shows a superior design, which demands respect. Pfitzner was born in Moscow where his father played cello in a theater orchestra. Still, Pfitzner maintained close contact with virulent antisemites like music critics Walter Abendroth and Victor Junk, and did not scruple to use antisemitic invective (common enough among people of his generation, and not just in Germany) to pursue certain aims. She concluded that, although the composer was not exclusively pro-Nazi nor purely the antisemitic chauvinist often associated with his image, he engaged with Nazi powers who he thought would promote his music and became embittered when the Nazis found the "elitist old master's often morose music" to be "little propaganda-worthy. 35 (R. Huch) für Frauenstimme und Klavier, Sechs Lieder op. Zu meiner Heiling-Inszenierung am Dresdner Staatstheater 5. "Hans Heiling" Zur Frage der "Volksoper" Der Kern der Wagnerfrage Richard Wagners Weltgeltung Die Oper Elsa vor Gericht Die neue "Ring"-Inszenierung in Dresden Robert Schumann - Richard Wagner, eine Sternenfreundschaft [Robert Schumann. Biographer Hans Peter Vogel wrote that Pfitzner was the only composer of the Nazi era who attempted to come to grips with National Socialism both intellectually and spiritually after 1945. His best known work is the post-Romantic opera Palestrina (1917), loosely based on the life of the sixteenth-century composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina. Was aber weiss und kennt diese deutsche Oeffentlichkeit von seiner Arbeit? von Hans Rectanus), Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester a-Moll (hg. Die Hans Pfitzner-Gesellschaft hält das musikalische Erbe Hans Pfitzner am Leben. Longer song (ca. Januar [1922] "Von deutscher Seele", eine romantische Kantate "Das Herz" Die Entstehung der "Herz"-Dichtung [Zur Metronomisierung des "Herz"] [Vorwort zum Duo für Violine und Violoncello mit Begleitung eines kleinen Orchesters op.43] [Sechs Jugendlieder (ohne op.) 32 für Bariton (oder Baß) und Klavier, Konzert für Violine und Orchester h-Moll op. [1] He viewed Jewishness as a cultural trait rather than a racial one. We find both, that is, none, and all attempts at classification falter.[14]. 53 (W. Hundertmark) für Männerchor mit Begleitung eines kleinen Orchesters, Sextett für Klavier, Violine, Viola, Violoncello, Kontrabaß und Klarinette op.