Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Dezember: Harry Heine wird in Düsseldorf als. Heine's father, Samson Heine (1764–1828), was a textile merchant. Do narrative poems tend to be very short? A final collection, Gedichte 1853 und 1854 (Poems 1853 and 1854), is of the same order. With the financial support of his uncle, Heine entered the University of Bonn in 1819, planning to study law. In the fall of 1824, in order to relax from his hated studies in Göttingen, he took a walking tour through the Harz Mountains and wrote a little book about it, fictionalizing his modest adventure and weaving into it elements both of his poetic imagination and of sharp-eyed social comment. Heinrich Heine finished his early education at Dusseldorf Lyceum, after which his uncle tried to convince him to become a businessman. His second volume of poems, Neue Gedichte (1844; New Poems), illustrates the change. He also found employment, working as a French correspondent in the newspaper ‘Allgemeine Zeitung’, for which he covered several important events. He completed his higher education in Gottingen, Bonn and Berlin. Campe was a liberal who used to publish works of mostly dissident authors. Even after the July Revolution occurred in 1830 in France, Heinrich Heine continued staying in Germany, unlike many of his liberal and radical friends who decided to move to Paris. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? He had originally been attracted by the new Saint-Simonian religion (a socialistic ideology according to which the state should own all property and the worker should be entitled to share according to the quality and amount of his work); it inspired in him hopes for a modern doctrine that would overcome the repressive ideologies of the past and put what he variously called spiritualism and sensualism, or Nazarenism (adherence to Judeo-Christian ideals) and Hellenism (adherence to ancient Greek ideals), into a new balance for a happier human society. Heine became involved in the German Romantic movement as well. Omissions? Heinrich Heine was born on 13th December 1797, in Dusseldorf, Germany, which was at the time known as Duchy of Berg. Die Kinder wuchsen gemeinsam in einem, von jüdischer Aufkl… However, this only helped them gain further popularity. In that same year, in order to open up the possibility of a civil service career, closed to Jews at that time, he converted to Protestantism with little enthusiasm and some resentment. An apparently venereal disease began to attack one part of his nervous system after another, and from the spring of 1848 he was confined to his “mattress-grave,” paralyzed, tortured with spinal cramps, and partially blind. Heine was born of Jewish parents. The books were conceived with a French audience in mind and were originally published in French. Due to suppression by the government, he eventually fled to France. The steady growth of Heine’s fame in the 1820s was accelerated by a series of experiments in prose. In 1834 he found in an uneducated shopgirl, Crescence Eugénie Mirat, whom for some reason he called “Mathilde,” a loyal if obstreperous mistress. Though she had no interest in cultural, social or intellectual ideas, she eventually moved in with him and got married. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/heinrich-heine-8824.php, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1814 he attended the merchant school and began an apprenticeship at a bank in Frankfurt in 1815. In 1820 he removed to the University of Göttingen. Heine’s early works include ‘Die Harzreise’ (The Harz Journey) and ‘Ideen Das Buch Le Grand’ (1827). van Gel-. Also Known As: Christian Johann Heinrich Heine, Spouse/Ex-: Crescence Eugénie Mirat (m. 1841), siblings: Charlotte Heine, Gustav Heine von Geldern, Maximilian Meyer Heine, Notable Alumni: Humboldt University Of Berlin, University Of Bonn, University Of Göttingen, education: University of Bonn, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Göttingen, See the events in life of Heinrich Heine in Chronological Order. In 1834, he got acquainted with a young girl named Crescence Eugenie Mirat, with whom he started a relationship. From an outcast in the society of his own rich uncle, he was transformed into a leading literary personality, and he became acquainted with many of the prominent people of his time. Zeit, Person, Werk. Conditions there were even less appealing; his inevitable oppo… Much of Heine’s early life, however, was influenced by the financial power of his uncle Salomon Heine, a millionaire Hamburg banker who endeavoured to trade generosity for obedience and with whom Heine remained on an awkward and shifting footing for many years. The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet. Popular across the world, especially for his lyric poetry, his works were often set to music by composers like Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. However, he never joined any government service nor ever practiced law. She remained with him till his death. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heinrich_Heine-Oppenheim.jpg. Heine was born to Jewish parents in Dusseldorf, Germany. Though Heinrich Heine looked for a job, he was interested only in writing. Heinrich Heine was born on 13th December 1797, in Dusseldorf, Germany, which was at the time known as Duchy of Berg. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Heine had become acquainted with the young Marx at the end of 1843, and it was at this time that he produced, after a visit to his family in Germany, a long verse satire, Deutschland, Ein Wintermärchen (1844; Germany, a Winter’s Tale), a stinging attack on reactionary conditions in Germany. Heine und seiner Ehefrau Elisabeth, geb. Heine’s pre-university years are rather obscure, but during this period he apparently conceived an infatuation for one, and possibly both, of his uncle’s daughters, neither of whom had the slightest notion of mortgaging her future to a dreamy and incompetent cousin. It is also said that his poetry started the post-Romantic crisis. He was distantly related to Karl Marx, German economist and philosopher, with whom he later corresponded. Another section is called “Zeitgedichte” (“Contemporary Poems”), a group of harsh verses of political satire. 1804; † 1879), er wurde später Arzt in Sankt Petersburg. Though he studied law, he eventually turned his attention to literature and poetry. His book ‘Buch der Lieder’ (The Book of Songs) is one of his best and internationally reputed works. His father was Samson Heine, a textile merchant. He was surrounded by police spies, and his voluntary exile became an imposed one. At that time, it was very difficult to earn a living as a professional writer. His critical and satirical writings brought him into grave difficulties with the German censorship, and, at the end of 1835, the Federal German Diet tried to enforce a nationwide ban on all his works. Heinrich Heine hatte drei Geschwister: Charlotte (geb. However, he was unable to find a permanent well-paying position, and in 1831, he eventually went to Paris, where he stayed for the rest of his life. He passed away at the age of 58 in Paris. He was buried at a cemetery in Montmartre, Paris. Heinrich Heine was a German poet, writer and literary critic. Due to the anti-Jewish laws of that time, he had to convert to Protestantism to be able to pursue a career in civil service. His mother Peira (known as "Betty"), née van Geldern (1771–1859), was the daughter of a physician. The first group, “Neuer Frühling” (“New Spring,” written mostly in 1830/31), is a more mannered reprise of the love poems of Buch der Lieder, and the volume also contains some ballad poetry, a genre in which Heine worked all his life. He wrote a series of penetrating newspaper articles about the new order in France, which he collected in book form as Französische Zustände (1832; “French Affairs”) and followed with two studies of German culture, Die Romantische Schule (1833–35; The Romantic School) and “Zur Geschichte der Religion und Philosophie in Deutschland” (1834–35; “On the History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany”), in which he mounted a criticism of Germany’s present and recent past and argued the long-range revolutionary potential of the German heritage of the Reformation, the Enlightenment, and modern critical philosophy. Heinrich Heine, in full Christian Johann Heinrich Heine, original name (until 1825) Harry Heine, (born Dec. 13, 1797, Düsseldorf [now in Germany]—died Feb. 17, 1856, Paris, France), German poet whose international literary reputation and influence were established by the Buch der Lieder (1827; The Book of Songs), frequently set to music, though the more sombre poems of his last years are also highly … Heinrich Heine wrote several articles about the culture and political situation of the country. 1803 in Düsseldorf; † 15. In 1840 Heine wrote a witty but ill-advised book on the late Ludwig Börne (1786–1837), the leader of the German radicals in Paris, in which Heine attempted to defend his own more subtle stand against what he thought of as the shallowness of political activism; but the arrogance and ruthlessness of the book alienated all camps. They were collected in ‘Franösische Zustände’ (French Affairs). He published two books criticizing the social condition in Germany as well. Eventually, his uncle was prevailed upon to finance a university education, and Heine attended the universities of Bonn, Göttingen, Berlin, and Göttingen again, where he finally took a degree in law with absolutely minimal achievement in 1825. His nervous system became damaged by a venereal disease, and he also became partly blind. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Heinrich Heine continued to write poems and in 1844, he published ‘Neue Gedichte’ (New Poems), a collection of poems featuring attacks of a satirical nature on German Romanticism. His third volume of poems, Romanzero (1851), is full of heartrending laments and bleak glosses on the human condition; many of these poems are now regarded as among his finest. Shortly after, he wrote a long satirical poem named ‘Deutschland. Later on, he was forced to convert to a Protestant because of the anti-Jewish sentiments and laws of the time. After he had been educated in the Düsseldorf Lyceum, an unsuccessful attempt was undertaken to make a businessman of him, first in banking, then in retailing. Heinrich Heine, in full Christian Johann Heinrich Heine, original name (until 1825) Harry Heine, (born Dec. 13, 1797, Düsseldorf [now in Germany]—died Feb. 17, 1856, Paris, France), German poet whose international literary reputation and influence were established by the Buch der Lieder (1827; The Book of Songs), frequently set to music, though the more sombre poems of his last years are also highly regarded. Heine attended the lycée in Düsseldorf but ended his schooling without a diploma. 13. Heine earned much popularity in Paris within a short time. Are prose and poetry the same? The most consistent characteristic of Heine’s thought and writing throughout his career is a taut and ambiguous tension between “poesy,” as he called the artistic sensibility, and reality. A Winter’s Tale). Thus, he became the major representative of the post-Romantic crisis in Germany, a time overshadowed by the stunning achievements of Goethe, Schiller, and the Romantics but increasingly aware of the inadequacy of this tradition to the new stresses and upheavals of a later age. Germany eventually put a nationwide ban on Heine’s works. They were ‘Die Romantische Schule’ (The Romantic School) and ‘Zur Geschicte der Relgion and Philosophie in Deutschland’ (On the History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany). After a lot of struggle for the inheritance, it was eventually settled by granting his uncle’s family a right of censorship over his writings. He was the eldest of four children. Though Heine remained on good, if not intimate, terms with Marx in later years, he never was much taken with Communism, which did not fit his ideal of a revolution of joy and sensuality. Heine returned again to “poesy.” With sardonic evasiveness he abjured his faith in the divinity of man and acknowledged a personal God in order to squabble with him about the unjust governance of the world. As his health started deteriorating, his situation became worse. He married her in 1841. 1797. Black Friday Sale! Ein Wintermarchen’ (Germany. After nearly eight years of torment, Heine died and was buried in the Montmartre Cemetery. He became part of the Young German Movement. Due to his radical political views, the German state banned many of his works. Oktober 1800 in Düsseldorf; † 18. “Die Harzreise” (“The Harz Journey”) became the first piece of what were to be four volumes of Reisebilder (1826–31; Pictures of Travel); the whimsical amalgam of its fact and fiction, autobiography, social criticism, and literary polemic was widely imitated by other writers in subsequent years. They are bittersweet and self-ironic, displaying at the same time poetic virtuosity and a skepticism about poetic truth; their music is now liquid, now discordant, and the collection as a whole moves in the direction of desentimentalization and a new integration of the poet’s self-regard in the awareness of his artistic genius. His mother’s name was Peira. Heinrich (Harry) Heine was born in Düsseldorf on December 13, 1797. u. erw. But troubles were soon hard upon him. During these years, then, Heine’s attention turned from “poesy” to writing of contemporary relevance. About the time that he met Marx, he also wrote another long poem, Atta Troll.