[81] This statue, originally located at Achilleion, Empress Elisabeth's palace in Corfu, was later removed by Kaiser Wilhelm II after he acquired Achilleion in 1907,[82] but it eventually found a home in Toulon. It contains the ironic disillusionment typical of Heine: Allnächtlich im Traume seh ich dich, His quote about burning books is prominently displayed in the Yad Vashem Holocaust museum in Jerusalem. Since Heine was not very religious in outlook he soon lost interest, but he also began to investigate Jewish history. [60] It had been suggested that he suffered from multiple sclerosis or syphilis, although in 1997 it was confirmed through an analysis of the poet's hair that he had suffered from chronic lead poisoning. [42], Heine had had few serious love affairs, but in late 1834 he made the acquaintance of a 19-year-old Paris shopgirl, Crescence Eugénie Mirat, whom he nicknamed "Mathilde". Covered by the friendly sand? "West German Universities: What to Call Them? Letzte Ruhestätte sein? The French Revolution and subsequent Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars involving Germany complicated Düsseldorf's political history during Heine's childhood. Before fighting, he decided to safeguard Mathilde's future in the event of his death by marrying her. Heine resisted all censorship; this issue became a bone of contention between the two.[27]. Du sagst mir heimlich ein leises Wort, (It is also displayed in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and in the pavement in Frankfurt am Main). Nevertheless, they still fell foul of the authorities. [3] Bereits 1904 wurden die Kapazitäten um einen weiteren Wohnflügel erweitert. engraved on three sides of the tombstone. His radical political views led to many of his works being banned by German authorities—which, however, only added to his fame. ("That was but a prelude; where they burn books, they will ultimately burn people as well." In 1824 Heine began a historical novel, Der Rabbi von Bacherach, which he never managed to finish. Within the pantheon of the "Jewish cultural intelligentsia" chosen for anti-Semitic demonization, perhaps nobody was the recipient of more National Socialist vitriol than Heinrich Heine. Heine was a radical liberal and one of the first things he did after his arrival was to take part in a parade which violated the Carlsbad Decrees, a series of measures introduced by Metternich to suppress liberal political activity. He had little interest in French literature and wrote everything in German, subsequently translating it into French with the help of a collaborator. By the light of the moon moved slowly [3] He was called "Harry" in childhood but became known as "Heinrich" after his conversion to Lutheranism in 1825. Heine's later verse and prose are distinguished by their satirical wit and irony. Die Armesünderblum. A Winter's Tale) and Atta Troll: Ein Sommernachtstraum (Atta Troll: A Midsummer Night's Dream). [28] For example, the poem "Allnächtlich im Traume" was set to music by Robert Schumann and Felix Mendelssohn. [7], Das Hotel wurde zum Jahreswechsel 1994/95 geschlossen. Sturm und Drang Over a Memorial to Heinrich Heine. [citation needed]. They include Robert Schumann (especially his Lieder cycle Dichterliebe), Friedrich Silcher (who wrote a popular setting of "Die Lorelei", one of Heine's best known poems), Franz Schubert, Franz Liszt, Felix Mendelssohn, Fanny Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms, Hugo Wolf, Richard Strauss, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Edward MacDowell, Clara Schumann and Richard Wagner; and in the 20th century Nikolai Medtner, Hans Werner Henze, Carl Orff, Lord Berners, Paul Lincke, Yehezkel Braun, Marcel Tyberg[78] and Friedrich Baumfelder (who wrote another setting of "Die Lorelei", as well as "Die blauen Frühlingsaugen" and "Wir wuchsen in demselben Thal" in his Zwei Lieder). His review of the musical season of 1844, written in Paris on 25 April of that year, is his first reference to Lisztomania, the intense fan frenzy directed toward Franz Liszt during his performances. And stealing from your eyes there flow They were liberal, but not actively political. German thunder is of true Germanic character; it is not very nimble, but rumbles along ponderously. The teardrops like to pearls. It was the biggest, most cosmopolitan city he had ever visited (its population was about 200,000). Most important was the philosopher Hegel, whose influence on Heine is hard to gauge. He believed its radicalism and materialism would destroy much of the European culture that he loved and admired. [48][49], In October 1843, Heine's distant relative and German revolutionary, Karl Marx, and his wife Jenny von Westphalen arrived in Paris after the Prussian government had suppressed Marx's radical newspaper. Euro. Die Nacht war kalt und stumm. [57] In the same year Uncle Salomon died. Ich wache auf, und der Strauß ist fort, Ha-‘Ir (העיר – The City, a left-leaning Tel Aviv magazine) sarcastically suggested that "The Exiling of Heine Street" symbolically re-enacted the course of Heine's own life. Heinrich Heine (Düsseldorf, 13 dicembre 1797 – Parigi, 17 febbraio 1856) poeta tedesco, uno dei primi del periodo di passaggio tra il romanticismo e il realismo. Instead of listing Heine as the author, in songs that could not be burnt, Die Lorelei was said to be written by an “unknown author” (unbekannter Dichter). Eingescharrt von fremder Hand? While at first the plan met with enthusiasm, the concept was gradually bogged down in anti-Semitic, nationalist, and religious criticism; by the time the fountain was finished, there was no place to put it. Auch der Generalfeldmarschall und spätere Reichspräsident Paul von Hindenburg soll hier in den 1920er Jahren gelegentlich übernachtet haben. Heine reluctantly began a relationship with her. Das Hotel Fürst zu Stolberg, von 1946 bis 1994 Hotel Heinrich Heine, war ein Luxushotel und Baudenkmal in Schierke im Landkreis Harz in Sachsen-Anhalt. He had developed various techniques for evading the authorities. Leggi le Poesie di Heinrich Heine. Wilhelm Killmayer set 37 of his poems in his song book Heine-Lieder, subtitled Ein Liederbuch nach Gedichten von Heinrich Heine, in 1994. Heine's review subsequently appeared on 25 April in Musikalische Berichte aus Paris and attributed Liszt's success to lavish expenditures on bouquets and to the wild behaviour of his hysterical female "fans". [24][25], Heine now had to search for a job. It was the last time Heine would ever leave France. The blue flower of Novalis, "symbol for the Romantic movement", also received withering treatment from Heine during this period, as illustrated by the following quatrains from Lyrisches Intermezzo:[30]. [1] He spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris. [4] Heine's father, Samson Heine (1764–1828), was a textile merchant. ahead of you it sets [5] Heine was also a third cousin once removed of philosopher and economist Karl Marx, also born to a German Jewish family in the Rhineland, with whom he became a frequent correspondent in later life.[6]. Initially it was thought he might be a "popular monarch" and during this honeymoon period of his early reign (1840–42) censorship was relaxed. Heine was unimpressed by the English: he found them commercial and prosaic, and still blamed them for the defeat of Napoleon.[33]. [43], Heine and his fellow radical exile in Paris, Ludwig Börne, had become the role models for a younger generation of writers who were given the name "Young Germany". [63] In 1848 Heine also returned to religious faith. He was also a republican, while Heine was not. [66] He died on 17 February 1856 and was interred in the Paris Cimetière de Montmartre. Heine frequented some Saint-Simonian meetings after his arrival in Paris but within a few years his enthusiasm for the ideology – and other forms of utopianism – had waned. Heine began to acquire a reputation as a poet at Bonn. ... Das Hotel wurde zum Jahreswechsel 1994/95 geschlossen. At the University of Bonn, liberal students were at war with the conservative authorities. He probably gave Heine and other young students the idea that history had a meaning which could be seen as progressive. He also hated law as the Historical School of law he had to study was used to bolster the reactionary form of government he opposed. Since then, a street in the Yemin Moshe neighborhood of Jerusalem[86] and, in Haifa, a street with a beautiful square and a community center have been named after Heine. A Heine Appreciation Society is active in Israel, led by prominent political figures from both the left and right camps. Heine was deliberately attacking Madame de Staël's book De l'Allemagne (1813) which he viewed as reactionary, Romantic and obscurantist. Ich weiß nicht, was soll es bedeuten, Daß ich so traurig bin, Ein Märchen aus … I stood at the cross-road and sighed Heine was furious; he had expected much more from the will and his campaign to make Carl revise its terms occupied him for the next two years. And shake your golden curls; Wider spaces there than here. Many composers have set Heine's works to music. He also experienced difficulties with his eyes. Marx was an admirer of Heine and his early writings show Heine's influence. This talisman is fragile, and the day will come when it will collapse miserably. [5] Als in der Bevölkerung Gerüchte über das Luxusleben der Parteifunktionäre aufkamen, wurde der Hoteldirektor verhaftet. A play will be performed in Germany which will make the French Revolution look like an innocent idyll. In London he cashed a cheque from his uncle for £200 (equal to £17,442 today), much to Salomon's chagrin. Ultimately Heine's ideas of revolution through sensual emancipation and Marx's scientific socialism were incompatible, but both writers shared the same negativity and lack of faith in the bourgeoisie. [9][10] Heine greatly admired Napoleon as the promoter of revolutionary ideals of liberty and equality and loathed the political atmosphere in Germany after Napoleon's defeat, marked by the conservative policies of Austrian chancellor Klemens von Metternich, who attempted to reverse the effects of the French Revolution. ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  —— [56], Atta Troll was not published until 1847, but Deutschland appeared in 1844 as part of a collection Neue Gedichte ("New Poems"), which gathered all the verse Heine had written since 1831. [9] Heine's father, Samson Heine (1764–1828), was a textile merchant. It contains the second cycle of North Sea poems, a prose essay on the North Sea as well as a new work, Ideen: Das Buch Le Grand, which contains the following satire on German censorship:[31][32], The German Censors  ——  ——  ——  ——  —— In the isolation he felt after the Börne debacle, Marx's friendship came as a relief to Heine, since he did not really like the other radicals. It includes Heine's poem Where? As a young child they sent him to a Jewish school where he learned a smattering of Hebrew, but thereafter he attended Catholic schools. Il viaggio nello Harz di due anni prima diventa un libro: Harzreise,.I resoconti di viaggio di Heine sono talvolta lirici e talvolta satirici e contengono sempre ampie riflessioni su argomenti morali e politici. The conservatives, who were in power, wanted to restore things to the way they were before the French Revolution. Und seufzte lang und bang. Le sirene nella letteratura mondiale. ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  ——  —— However, the relationship between author and publisher started well: Campe published the first volume of Reisebilder ("Travel Pictures") in May 1826. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges bis 1945 wurde das Hotel als Entbindungsheim genutzt. Most German states were absolutist monarchies with a censored press. Yet, it will come and when you hear a crashing such as never before has been heard in the world's history, then you know that the German thunderbolt has fallen at last. Heine looked down on these writers on aesthetic grounds – they were bad poets in his opinion – but his verse of the 1840s became more political too.