Tibet (This isn't an original Hyborian Age country, it's created by. Its setting is prehistoric Europe and North Africa (with occasional references to Asia and other continents). Reply. The Munhumutapa Empire (Its capital city was the Great Zimbabwe). Together with Koth they make for an early Roman Empire. The name comes from Nemed, leader of colonists from Scythia to Ireland in Irish mythology; perhaps the name is also meant to allude to Nemea, home to the Nemean Lion of Greek myth. Howard's Hyperborea is a northern "evil empire", ruled by wicked wizards, perhaps akin to the perception of the 1930s Soviet Union). Various seafaring traders of the Mediterranean. Having done Thurian Age maps, I know that 2-D maps always distort. Meanwhile, the apemen of the Arctic Circle emerged as a new race of light-haired and tall humans. They were named after their highest ranking god deity, Bori. Celtic Ireland/Britain/Scotland of ancient times. Crom is the chief god of the Cimmerian pantheon, and he lives on a great mountain, from where he sends forth doom or death. The name "Hyborian" is a contraction of the Greek concept of the land of "Hyperborea", literally "Beyond the North Wind". The name comes from the Argo, ship of the Argonauts; or perhaps from the city of Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece. From Mitra's point of view, Conan was evidently the best choice to defeat a sworn enemy of the Hyborian kingdoms. 3. Some of them were already migrating south at a "leisurely" pace in search of new areas in which to settle. Culturally, they were accomplished artists and poets. I was only familiar with ~1932 REH's hand drawn maps. They encountered the Picts and forced them to limit themselves to the western wastelands, which would come to be known as the "Pictish Wilderness". Egypt. On a map Howard drew conceptualizing the Hyborian Age, his vision of the Mediterranean Sea is dry.  The essay begins with the end of the Thurian Age (the setting for Howard's King Kull stories) and the destruction of its civilizations, Lemuria and Atlantis, by a geological cataclysm. And both the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea were once fresh-water lakes, the former (renamed the Ancylus Sea, after a fresh-water clam) covering much of the eastern half of what is now Sweden. The Germanic Holy Roman Empire. The Don and/or the Volga. They continued their expansion south while in turn displacing defeated Hyborians to the south. However, Crom gives a man courage, free-will, and the strength to kill their enemies at birth. The Hyperboreans were by then the most advanced of the Hyborian tribes and set out to expand their kingdom by attacking their backwards neighbors. Mitra's religion is missionary; its adherents sometimes lose their lives trying to spread their faith to hostile peoples. Nemedia was the rival of Aquilonia (which corresponds to the Carolingian Empire/France), and depended on Aesir mercenaries for their defence (as the Byzantines hired Vikings as the Varangian guard). or Persian Empire (?) While Mitra and his followers are in general presented favorably in the Conan stories, in Howard's The Hour of the Dragon they show prejudice and persecute followers of Asura. Maybe the exchange of a non-human master-race for an inhuman one was nothing for these people to be happy or grateful for, but the conquerors from the east slyly understood to play on this and turn it to their own advantage. There are also a few islands, reminiscent of the Azores, but his stories are not about naval tactics. Yelalla is the name of a series of rapids and water falls in the Congo, roughly where the story takes place. However, Koth is situated in southern Europe including the ancient lands of Illyria, Thrace, the Adriatic sea, and the central Italic peoples. Within another five hundred years, the Hyborian kingdoms dominated the western part of the super continent.  In Khoraja, which is on the border between the Hyborian kingdoms and the Semite ones, the worship of Mitra was largely forgotten in favor of the Semite gods – but in hours of great need, Khorajans still call on Mitra and are answered ("Black Colossus"). Others fled the path of Hyperborean expansion before ever engaging them in war. Afghulistan is the common name of the habitat of different tribes in the Himelian mountains. The exiled descendants of the East Folk established new kingdoms on... Fantasy World Map Fantasy Places Avenger Conan The Barbarian … Most of these correspondences are drawn from "Hyborian Names", an appendix featured in Conan the Swordsman by L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter.. The name comes from the city of Zamora, Zamora province, Castile-Leon, Spain. Khitai is his China, far to the East, deriving from an ancient name; Corinthia is his name for a Greek-like civilization, a name slapped together from the name of the city of Corinth and a reminiscence of the Middle Ages province of Carinthia. Note that the name "Pict" comes from the Latin term for "painted one", which could be applicable to Native Americans. Hyborian Age", is a mythical time before any civilization known to anthropologists. By conceiving a timeless setting – a vanished age – and by carefully choosing names that resembled our history, Howard avoided the problem of historical anachronisms and the need for lengthy exposition.. Often, the new invaders would wipe away the defenders before absorbing them, resulting in a tangled web of Hyborian tribes and nations with varying ancestral elements within their bloodlines. Out of curiosity, what font did you use for the labels? He is probably loosely based on the Vedic and Zoroastrian figure by the same name, and in the Hyborian universe, his worship generally represents Christianity. Ásgard is the home of the Æsir (Aesir) in Norse mythology. The southernmost of the early kingdoms was Koth, which was established north of the lands of Shem and soon started extending its cultural influence over the southern shepherds. Believing the apes were destined to perish, the humans turned to taming their harsh new home. This was a mythical place far to the north that was not cold and where things did not age. Thus, his shrines are usually unadorned and feature little or no iconography except for a single idol. There is little consistent evidence in his works that Crom actually exists; the existence of demons and highly advanced aliens is confirmed (as in the stories "The God in the Bowl" and "The Tower of the Elephant"), while the story "The Phoenix on the Sword" implies that Set is one of H. P. Lovecraft's Great Old Ones. Brazil, or South America generally. He believed they were quickly evolving to human status and would pose a threat to the Hyborians in the future. Crom is specifically and uniquely considered a Cimmerian god, with other civilizations paying him little attention. In changing the name to Darfar, Howard unwittingly changed the Arabic meaning to "the abode of mice". It's truly a wonderful map! India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh (The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India) referring to the Vedic era lands. Its setting is Europe and North Africa – with some curious geological changes that were thought up prior to the ascendancy of the geologic theory of plate tectonics, though somewhat similar to what geologists theorize. The name "Hyborian" is a contraction of the Greek concept of the land of "Hyperborea", literally "Super-North-Land". A fallen kingdom corresponding to the Roman Empire. The name is derived from the Khitan Empire (Chinese 遼朝 Liáo cháo or the Liao Dynasty) and the people who ruled northern and northeastern China. Argos takes on the shape of a "shoe" in it's border boundaries as compared to Italy appearing as a "boot". The idol itself has the appearance of an idealized, bearded male figure and is the primary direction of Mitran worship. Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and Arabia (. The Mitran cult never practice sacrifice and values aesthetic simplicity. Perhaps Vendhya had something to do with this? Ancient Ophir, though clearly Howard saw it as situated in northern Italy. Aquitaine (?) Hyborian Age [edit | edit source] 500 years later, the kingdoms of the Hyborian Age were clearly established in the lands that used to make up the empire of Acheron. Only globes give an accurate idea of geographical placement and size. Using Crom's name as an expletive immediately identifies Conan as being a Cimmerian. Probably inspired by the historical name of, The name is perhaps derived from a combination of, The River Styx runs northward through Stygia, following the course of the historical, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 05:31. The probable intended correspondences are listed below; notice that the correspondences are sometimes very loose, and are portrayed by ahistorical stereotypes. The Hyborian Age is a fictional period of Earth's history within the artificial mythology created by Robert E. Howard, serving as the setting for the sword and sorcery tales of Conan the Barbarian. The name Crom is probably derived from the ancient Celtic deity Crom Cruach or Crom Dubh. The mixed-blooded Hyborian tribes were in turn forced to defend their new territories from pure-blooded Hyborian tribes which followed the same paths of migration. The river's name was probably influenced by Zaporizhian Sich, a settlement of the Cossacks in Zaporizhzhia (region). 1 Overview 2 History 3 Points of Interest 4 Notes 5 See Also 6 Links and References 6.1 Footnotes Hyboria was a world-continent that existed during the Hyborian Age.6 The northwestern part of the landmass was known was the Hyborian Lands,7 which was populated by the Hyborians (or earlier the Hybori), and included the Hyborian Kingdoms.8 South of the Hyborian Lands were the Southern … It's underwater west of Scandinavia, when current Europe's map is superimposed. Crom /ˈkrɒm/ is a deity in Robert E. Howard's fantasy tales of the Hyborian Age. The survivors of the defeated clans merged with their conquerors, passing on their racial traits to new generations of Hyborians. In the Hyborian Age, Amazon is a kingdom ruled by women, located near the Black Kingdoms. The Nile, which he re-named the River Styx, takes a westward turn at right angles just beyond the Nile Delta, plowing through the mountains so as to be able to reach the Straits of Gibraltar. It's useless to call upon Crom, because he is a gloomy and savage god who despises the weak. The name is derived from the Khitan language for, Japan. By this point, the various related but independent Hyborian tribes had spread throughout the northern regions of their area of the world. Crom is never depicted as directly intervening or otherwise explicitly causing any event to occur in the original Conan stories by Robert E. Howard. On a map Howard drew detailing it, his vision of the Mediterranean Sea is also dry. Most of the tribes still relied on hunting for their nourishment. After this cataclysm, the surviving humans were reduced to a primitive state and a technological level hardly above the Neanderthal. However, being omnipresent and incorporeal, Mitra is not considered to reside in the icon, nor share its appearance. Even Hyperborea was conquered by one of these barbarian tribes. In Vendhya, the followers of Asura seek truth beyond the illusions of the physical world, and the Hyborian devotees of Mitra are almost Christian in their merging of asceticism with a commitment to compassion and justice. Wales, with an overlay of colonial-era North America. They conquered many smaller clans of various origins. Khawarizm Castle: By Vincent N. Darlage. Khitai is his version of China, lying far to the east, Corinthia is his name for a Hellenistic civilization, a name derived from the city of Corinth and reminiscent of the imperial fief of Carinthia in the Middle Ages. The Conan stories take place on Earth, but in the mythical (created by Howard) Hyborian Age, between the time of the sinking of Atlantis and the rise of the known ancient civilizations. On the other hand, at the north of the continent, the fair-haired invaders from the Arctic Circle had grown in numbers and power. The Hyborian Age was devised by author Robert E. Howard as the post-Atlantean setting of his Conan the Cimmerian stories, designed to fit in with Howard's previous and lesser known tales of Kull, which were set in the Thurian Age at the time of Atlantis.The name "Hyborian" is a contraction of the Greek concept of the land of "Hyperborea", literally "Beyond the North Wind". This was a mythical place far to the north that was not cold and where things did not age. In his fantasy setting of the Hyborian Age, Howard created imaginary kingdoms to which he gave names inspired by or adapted from a variety of mythological and historical sources. He is the only member of the Cimmerian pantheon named with any regularity. Maps. May 2020. Just south of the Pictish Wilderness was the fertile valley known as "Zing". Includes Overview, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, Temple of Tarim, Sari Tanri Temple and Ewqaf Temple. Though Conan's career would know many more ups and downs, this was an important step towards eventually becoming a king. The City of Shumballa: By Vincent N. Darlage. He is acknowledged as the chief god by the lead character Conan, and his proto-Celtic Cimmerian people.  More recently, Dale Rippke proposed that the Hyborian Age should be placed further in the past, around 32,500 BC, prior to the beginning of the Last Glacial Maximum. Howard's Hyborian Age, described in detail in his essay "The Hyborian Age", is a mythical time before any civilization known to anthropologists. In lands corresponding to Asia and Africa, Mitra is, at best, one god among many, and worship of Mitra is altogether banned in Stygia (Egypt and North Africa). The Ottoman Empire (?) One thousand five hundred years later, the descendants of this initial group were called "Hyborians". Howard bestows Algonquian names on his Picts. The name comes from the "Kesh", the Egyptian name for Nubia. The Hyborians had yet to encounter other cultural groups, but engaged in wars against each other. But the conquerors here decided to maintain the kingdom with its old name, merged with the defeated Hyperboreans and adopted elements of Hyborian culture. The name "Hyborian" is a contraction of the Greek concept of the land of "Hyperborea", literally "Beyond the North Wind". China, Marco Polo's Cathay. Norway and Sweden. Their southern offshoots, however, had been practicing animal husbandry on cattle for centuries. It would be beyond awesome to have a Howardian globe of Hyborian Age Earth. Howard explained the origins and history of the Hyborian civilization in his essay "The Hyborian Age". Mitra appears directly in Howard's "Black Colossus", where he speaks to Princess Yasmela of Khoraja and helps her in an hour of desperate need. The name comes from Styx, a river of the underworld in Greek mythology. It instantly rekindled my interest in Conan. Hyborian Age. He is depicted as a "gentle" god. Its setting is Europe and North Africa – with some curious geological changes that were thought up prior to the ascendancy of the geologic theory of plate tectonics, though somewhat similar to what geologists 1 What is the Hyborian Age? Its territory covered Aquilonia, Nemedia, and Argos. Afghanistan. In this general setting, Howard placed imaginary kingdoms to which he gave names from a varied series of sources. Howard describes them as a powerful and warlike race with the average individual being tall, tawny-haired, and gray-eyed. Vanaheim is the home of the Vanir in Norse mythology (Njörd - god of the sea; Freyja - goddess of fertility, love, beauty, and war). Mitra is a personification of good popular amongst people of the era. NOTE: Uttara Kuru is not an original Hyborian Age country, it appear in Conan the Avenger by Björn Nyberg. or Byzantine Empire (?). Howard devised the Hyborian Age to fit in with his previous and less-well-known tales of Kull, which were set at the time of Atlantis. None of them returned. The Hyborian Age was devised by author Robert E. Howard as the post-Atlantean setting of his Conan the Cimmerian stories, designed to fit in with Howard's previous and lesser known tales of Kull, which were set in the Thurian Age at the time of Atlantis. They started their own migration to the south, displacing the northernmost of the Hyborian tribes. (likely, although the name reminds of Poitou, a province Northeast of Aquitaine, but not mediterranean, and not properly part of the South). The Mediterranean Sea formerly dried out intermittently, alternating with floods over the Straits of Gibraltar. This may also have inspired the role of Bit-Yakin in the story. The Hyborian Age was devised by author Robert E. Howard as the post-Atlantean setting of his Conan the Cimmerian stories, designed to fit in with Howard's previous and lesser known tales of Kull, which were set in the Thurian Age at the time of Atlantis. The Hyborians expanded outside their familiar territories, beginning a new age of wanderings and conquests. In the philistine (Pelishtia) city of Ekron, there was an important oracle of Baal-Zevul (Beelzebuul). Howard labels the populace of his Argos as "Argosseans", whereas the folk of the historical Argos are known as "Argives". Toward the north, the savage Picts and the descendants of the Atlanteans, t… They discovered the region to be safe, but covered with snow and already inhabited by a race of vicious white-furred apes. Following the example of their Hyperborean cousins, other Hyborians started to settle down and create their own kingdoms. The Stygian followers of Set worship their deity with human sacrifice and actively venerate serpents, and Ishtar's worshippers follow the pleasures of the flesh. They permanently settled in fortified settlements and developed cyclopean masonry to further fortify their defensive walls. Due to the god's involvement, Conan – who hitherto had never commanded more than a "company of cut-throats" – emerges victorious from a historically important battle involving tens of thousands of soldiers. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. For the next thousand years, the warlike Hyborian nations advanced to become the rulers of the western areas of the nameless continent. A millennium after the Great Cataclysm, the descendants of the Lemurian refugees who had been enslaved by the East Folk overthrew their overlords. One problem with this map, which the people who published it (Mongoose Games) are a bit infamous for making: It should be labelled the Hyborian Age, or the Hyborian World, not the "World of Hyboria." On a map Howard drew conceptualizing the Hyborian Age, his vision of the Mediterranean Sea is dry. They consider that during the Ice Age, Europe was quite different. The name "Hyborian" is a contraction of the Greek concept of the land of "Hyperborea", … Several such tribes migrated to the northern areas of what was left of the Thurian continent to escape destruction. NOTE: Meru is not an original Hyborian Age country and was created by L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter for "The City of Skulls".  He is also symbolically represented by a phoenix in Howard's writing, by an Ankh in the Age of Conan MMORPG, and by a bronze colossus in the survival video game Conan Exiles.. With the population of the Hyborian tribes continuing to increase, the need for new lands also increased. 2. Mongolia, Ukraine (Hyrkanians = Scythians), Finland, Russia, and the Baltic countries (Hyperborea was a land in "outermost north" according to Greek historian Herodotus. 1. This was a mythical place far to the north that was not cold and where things did not age. The wandering Hyborian tribe which conquered them found other people already settled there. Howard imagines the Hyborian Picts occupying a large area in the northwest. He had traveled past the Arctic Circle and returned with news that their old adversaries, the apes, were never annihilated. The Carolingian Empire, medieval France, with occasional hints of England. Howard's story "Black Colossus" features a princess vocally directed by Mitra to transform Conan into her champion, yet Crom makes no such appearances. According to Howard himself (in "The Phoenix on the Sword"): "...between the years when the oceans drank Atlantis and the gleaming cities, and the years of the rise of the Sons of Aryas...". Hellenistic Egypt had a political religion of state, the. Important Note I: Large parts of the gazetteer text is taken from "A Gazetteer of the Hyborian Age World of Conan" compiled by Dale E. Rippke, but may appear here in edited form. Includes the Lower Levels, Middle Levels, and Upper Levels. They drove them southwest, where they slew and drove out in turn the Serpent Men. Include… Although his Black Sea is also dry, his Caspian Sea, which he renames the Vilayet Sea, extends northward to reach the Arctic Ocean, so as to provide a barrier to encapsulate the settings of his stories. He attempted to recruit a significant military force to campaign against them, but most Hyborians were not convinced by his tales; only a small group of foolhardy youths followed his campaign. Please visit the original site at Dark Storm Legends. "Know, O prince, that between the years when the oceans drank Atlantis and the gleaming cities, and in the years of the rise of the sons of Aryas, there was an Age undreamed of, when shining kingdoms lay spread across the world like blue mantles beneath the stars - Nemedia, Ophir, Brythunia, Hyperborea, Zamora with its dark-haired women and towers of spider-haunted mystery, Zingara with … Meanwhile, the west coast of Africa on his map lies beneath the sea. Not only are his Baltic Sea and English Channel dry, but most of the North Sea and a vast region to the west, easily including Ireland, are, too. He imagines the Picts to occupy a large area to the northwest. It's been my go-to map for my Hyborian Age RPG game. Also hints of Italy in regards to the indigenous population's names and culture. Hyborians, Picts, and the unnamed kin of the Shemites would merge into a nation calling themselves Zingarans. The Nile, which he renamed the River Styx, takes a westward turn at right angles just beyond the Nile Delta, plowing through the mountains so as to be able to reach the Straits of Gibraltar. Over time the Hybori moved southward and established other kingdoms.  Howard described the Hyborian Age taking place sometime after the sinking of Atlantis and before the beginning of recorded ancient history. The Kothian capital of Khorshemish corresponds to the Hittite capital of Carchemish. Although his Black Sea is also dry, his Caspian Sea, which he renames the Vilayet Sea, extends northward to reach the Arctic Ocean, so as to provide a barrier to encapsulate the settings of his stories. Mitra's worship is strong and dominant, effectively the state religion, in the Hyborian countries corresponding to modern Western Europe. The probable intended analogues are listed below; notice that the analogues are sometimes very generalized, and are portrayed by non-historical stereotypes. The tribe that established it entered their Neolithic age by learning to erect buildings in stone, largely for fortification. Mitra is the chief god of most of the civilized Hyborian kingdoms, including Aquilonia, Ophir, Nemedia, Brythunia, Corinthia, and Zingara. They had instead evolved into apemen and, according to his description, were by then numerous. His worshippers are monolatristic, since at least one tale depicts priests of Mitra recognizing the existence of Set. The name is based on "Cymru", the Welsh word for Wales.  Rippke's date, however, has since been disputed by Jeffrey Shanks, who argues for the more traditional placement at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum. The first organized Hyborian kingdom to emerge was Hyperborea. In the essay "The Hyborian Age", Howard writes that followers of Mitra are urged to forgive their enemies (though many of them fail to do so). Tribes who defended their territories lost them and were forced to migrate elsewhere. The Conan stories are set on Earth after the final sinking of Atlantis and before the last Ice Age, about 10,000 years ago. Mitra's involvement has a significant effect on Conan's career. The name derived from the town of Aquilonia, Avellino, Campania, Southern Italy, although it also resembles Aquitaine, a French region ruled by England for a long portion of the Middle Ages. It reflects the cultures of the Roman Age. Whether REH realized that is hard to say. The Kira-Khitai were a prominent tribe amongst Mongol steppe tribes. The Tower of the Elephant: From the d20 adventure adaptation of Robert E. Howard's Tower of the Elephant story. They established the kingdom of Zingara and absorbed the defeated elements into their tribe.