In March 2012, Accor opened its first Pullman-branded hotel in Marrakech, Pullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort & Spa. [1] It is known for its eponymous palm trees and resorts, as well as the Palmeraie Rotana Resort[2], and Nikki Beach. [8] The Almohads, Masmouda tribesmen from the High Atlas mountains who practiced orthodox Islam, took the city in 1147 under leader Abd al-Mu'min. It has been described as a "world-famous square", "a metaphorical urban icon, a bridge between the past and the present, the place where (spectacularized) Moroccan tradition encounters modernity. The Menara gardens are to the west of the city, at the gates of the Atlas mountains. In 1985, UNESCO declared the old town area of Marrakesh a UNESCO World Heritage Site, raising international awareness of the cultural heritage of the city. In recent years, the secretariat also supports the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action, agreed by governments to signal that successful climate action requires strong support from a wide range of actors, including regions, cities, business, investors and all parts of civil society. The same word "mur" appears in Mauretania, the North African kingdom from antiquity, although the link remains controversial as this name possibly originates from μαύρος mavros, the ancient Greek word for black. [38] It was also in 1907 that Dr. Mauchamp, a French doctor, was murdered in Marrakesh, suspected of spying for his country. [17]:229–230 The corner-pieces are embellished with floral decorations. [132] The kiosk has motifs of pine cones, palms and acanthus leaves which are also replicated in the Ben Youssef Madrasa.[133]. "[88] Her party called for a 48-hour strike to "protest the plot against the democratic process. [32] In 1269, Marrakesh was conquered by nomadic Zenata tribes who overran the last of the Almohads. [81][82] The majority of these animals suffer from poor welfare conditions in these stalls. [162], Festivals, both national and Islamic, are celebrated in Marrakesh and throughout the country, and some of them are observed as national holidays. The death of Yusuf II in 1224 began a period of instability. Many of the souks sell items like carpets and rugs, traditional Muslim attire, leather bags, and lanterns. [46][47] Expatriates, especially those from France, have invested heavily in Marrakesh since the 1960s and developed many of the riads and palaces. With 130,000 hectares of greenery and over 180,000 palm trees in its Palmeraie, Marrakesh is an oasis of rich plant variety. [1], The ancient tale (more than 1000 years old) refers to this garden of palm trees as "the ardent children of the African earth and sun". Marrakesh has several universities and schools, including Cadi Ayyad University. [135][137][17], The Saadian Tombs were built in the 16th century as a royal necropolis for the Saadian sultans and their family members. [5] The name is spelled Mṛṛakc in the Berber Latin alphabet, Marraquexe in Portuguese, Marrakech in Spanish. [17] It served as the city's main Friday mosque. [162], Wood crafts are generally made of cedar, including the riad doors and palace ceilings. Others of note outside the Medina area include Ksar Char Bagh, Amanjena, Villa Maha, Dar Ahlam, Dar Alhind and Dar Tayda. Rome2rio makes travelling from Marrakech Airport (RAK) to Palmeraie easy. 1061–1106). [172] Harira soup in Marrakesh typically includes lamb with a blend of chickpeas, lentils, vermicelli, and tomato paste, seasoned with coriander, spices and parsley. [159][160], Two types of music are traditionally associated with Marrakesh. Local boutiques are adept at making western-style clothes using Moroccan materials. Kefta (mince meat), liver in crépinette, merguez and tripe stew are commonly sold at the stalls of Jemaa el-Fnaa. [76] It also has two large cinema complexes, Le Colisée à Gueliz and Cinéma Rif, and a new shopping precinct, Al Mazar. The Marrakesh area was inhabited by Berber farmers from Neolithic times, and numerous stone implements have been unearthed in the area. Despite the economic recession, real estate and hotel development in Marrakesh have grown dramatically in the 21st century. [68] Royal Ranches Marrakech, one of Gulf Finance House's flagship projects in Morocco, is a 380 hectares (940 acres) resort under development in the suburbs and one of the world's first five star Equestrian Resorts. Marrakech Museum . [83], Marrakesh, the regional capital, constitutes a prefecture-level administrative unit of Morocco, Marrakech Prefecture, forming part of the region of Marrakech-Safi. Pilgrims visit the tombs of the saints in a specific order, as follows: Sidi Yusuf Ali Sanhaji (1196–97), a leper; Qadi Iyyad or qadi of Ceuta (1083–1149), a theologian and author of Ash-Shifa (treatises on the virtues of Muhammad); Sidi Bel Abbas (1130–1204), known as the patron saint of the city and most revered in the region; Sidi Muhammad al-Jazuli (1465), a well known Sufi who founded the Jazuli brotherhood; Abdelaziz al-Tebaa (1508), a student of al-Jazuli; Abdallah al-Ghazwani (1528), known as Moulay al-Ksour; and Sidi Abu al-Qasim Al-Suhayli, (1185), also known as Imam al-Suhayli. He could not, however, subdue the rise of nationalist sentiment, nor the hostility of a growing proportion of the inhabitants. In the early 16th century, Marrakesh again became the capital of the kingdom, after a period when it was the seat of the Hintata emirs. Despite the global economic crisis that began in 2007, investments in real estate progressed substantially in 2011 both in the area of tourist accommodation and social housing. [35] The tombs of several renowned figures were moved to Marrakesh to attract pilgrims, and the pilgrimage associated with the seven saints is now a firmly established institution. Seven new buildings were constructed, with a total floor area of 43,000 square metres (460,000 sq ft). [55] The city has expanded north from the old centre with suburbs such as Daoudiat, Diour El Massakine, Sidi Abbad, Sakar and Amerchich, to the southeast with Sidi Youssef Ben Ali, to the west with Massira and Targa, and southwest to M'hamid beyond the airport. [142][143] Many of these mausoleums also serve as the focus of their own zawiyas (Sufi religious complexes with mosques), including: the Zawiya and mosque of Sidi Bel Abbes (the most important of them)[141], the Zawiya of al-Jazuli, the Zawiya of Sidi Abdellaziz, the Zawiya of Sidi Yusuf ibn Ali, and the Zawiya of Sidi al-Ghazwani (also known as Moulay el-Ksour). The winter snows mantle them with white, and the turquoise sky gives a setting for their grey rocks and gleaming caps that is of unrivaled beauty."[41]. [139] The mausoleum comprises the remains of about sixty members of the Saadi Dynasty which originated in the valley of the Draa River. [152] In March 2012, Accor opened its first Pullman-branded hotel in Marrakech, Pullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort & Spa. "[88] On 7 July 2011, Mansouri presented her resignation from the city council of Marrakesh, but reconsidered her decision the next day. [55] On the P2017 road leading south out of the city are large villages such as Douar Lahna, Touggana, Lagouassem, and Lahebichate, leading eventually through desert to the town of Tahnaout at the edge of the High Atlas, the highest mountainous barrier in North Africa. [95] [33] The city then fell into a state of decline, which soon led to the loss of its status as capital to rival city Fez. As a result, almost all the city's monuments were destroyed. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar. [105] Bab Aghmat is one of the city's main southern gates, located east of the Jewish and Muslim cemeteries and near the tomb of Ali ibn Yusuf. [168] A specialty of the city and the symbol of its cuisine is tanjia marrakshia a local tajine prepared with beef meat, spices and "smen" and slow-cooked in a traditional oven in hot ashes. Entry for 'Marrakesh'. [46] Old buildings were renovated in the Old Medina, new residences and commuter villages were built in the suburbs, and new hotels began to spring up. The Théâtre Royal, built by Tunisian architect Charles Boccara, puts on theatrical performances of comedy, opera, and dance in French and Arabic. [citation needed], The arts and crafts of Marrakesh have had a wide and enduring impact on Moroccan handicrafts to the present day. [147] It is considered the most eminent hotel of the city[148][149] and has been described as the "grand dame of Marrakesh hotels." Riads (Moroccan mansions) are common in Marrakesh. [144] At the time, the Jewish community consisted of a large portion of the city's bankers, jewelers, metalworkers, tailors and sugar traders. ", "Fatima Zahra Mansouri, première dame de Marrakech", "La reprise de la croissance du secteur immobilier à Marrakech", "Royal Ranches Marrakech' closes land sale with Equine Management Services", "Bahrain : Royal Ranches Marrakech inks MoU with BMCE. Marrakech et son aire urbaine comptent en 2020 un peu plus d'un million d'habitants [N 2].Par sa population, la ville … [77][78] Industrial production in the city is centred in the neighbourhood of Sidi Ghanem Al Massar, containing large factories, workshops, storage depots and showrooms. It is a real oasis on the outskirts of the city. Recently renovated, its small exhibition rooms have displays of Islamic artifacts and decorations including Irke pottery, polychrome plates, jewellery, and antique doors. [140], The medina holds the tombs of the seven patron saints of the city, which are visited every year by pilgrims during the week-long ziara pilgrimage. In accordance with Islam, the carvings contain no representation of humans or animals, consisting entirely of inscriptions and geometric patterns. The Kasbah Mosque overlooks Place Moulay Yazid in the Kasbah district of Marrakesh, close to the El Badi Palace. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. [15] The latter episode set in motion the country's return to independence, when Morocco officially became المملكة المغربية (al-Mamlaka al-Maġribiyya, "The Maghreb Kingdom"), its name no longer referring to the city of Marrakesh. [196] In February 2001, the Moroccan government signed a loan agreement worth eight million U.S. dollars with The OPEC Fund for International Development to help improve medical services in and around Marrakesh, which led to expansions of the Ibn Tofail and Ibn Nafess hospitals. The minaret is constructed from sandstone and stands 77 metres (253 ft) high. Patrimoine naturel marocain de près de 100 000 palmiers, sur environ 15 000 hectares, elle est un des hauts lieux historiques de la culture du Maroc, de l'économie du Maroc, et du tourisme au Maroc [1 [107] Bab ad-Debbagh, to the east, has one of the most complex layouts of any gate, with an interior passage that turns multiple times. The blacktopped runway is 4.5 km (2.8 mi) long and 45 m (148 ft) wide. [195] Ibn Tofail University Hospital is one of the major hospitals of the city. Guests can sample local and international dishes in one of the restaurants. A third terminal is being built. Concluded at Marrakesh on 15 April 1994", "MARRAKECH: Dozens of heads of State and Government to attend UN climate conference", "Construction Begins on Venue of COP22 in Marrakech | UNFCCC", "Morocco: Marrakesh bomb strikes Djemaa el-Fna square", "Qaeda denies involvement in Morocco cafe bomb attack", "Marrakech (Marrakesh) Climate Normals 1961–1990", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Marrakesh, Morocco - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004", "WORLD TRAVEL: Africa's beating heart; Marrakech, no longer a hippy paradise, is still a vital centre of economy and culture in Morocco", "Marrakech is the new Costa del Sol: for a host of Western celebrities, Marrakech in Morocco has become the place to be seen at and increasingly, to live in. [189], The Marrakesh-Menara Airport (RAK) is 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of the city centre. During the 16th century, the Mellah had its own fountains, gardens, synagogues and souks. Blue veiled Tuareg figurines and calligraphy paintings are also popular. The city was founded in 1070 by Emir Abu Bakr ibn Umar as the imperial capital of the Almoravid Empire. Bou-Ahmed paid special attention to the privacy of the palace in its construction and employed architectural features such as multiple doors which prevented passers-by from seeing into the interior. Mamounia Hotel is a five-star hotel in the Art Deco-Moroccan fusion style, built in 1925 by Henri Prost and A. Also, here takes place Grand Prix Hassan II tennis tournament (on clay) part of ATP World Tour series. It is next to the south wall of the Kasbah Mosque. [121][123] The rooms are large, with unusually high ceilings for Marrakesh, with zellij (elaborate geometric terracotta tile work covered with enamel) and cedar painted ceilings. Berber music is influenced by Andalusian classical music and typified by its oud accompaniment. [53] Police sources arrested three suspects and claimed the chief suspect was loyal to Al-Qaeda, although Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb denied involvement. "[86] Her appointment was shrouded in controversy and resulted in her temporarily losing her seat the following month after a court ruled that the election had been fixed. [104], Of the city's gates, one of the best-known is Bab Agnaou, built in the late 12th century by the Almohad caliph Ya'qub al-Mansur as the main public entrance to the new Kasbah. The total surface of the Bab Ighli site will be 223,647 m2 (more than 80,000 m2 covered by a roof).[52]. [194], A severe strain has been placed upon the healthcare facilities of the city in the last decade as the city population has grown dramatically. Carpets and textiles are weaved, sewn or embroidered, sometimes used for upholstering. [67] Improvements to the highways from Marrakesh to Casablanca, Agadir and the local airport have led to a dramatic increase in tourism in the city, which now attracts over two million tourists annually. Throughout the seasons, fragrant orange, fig, pomegranate and olive trees display their color and fruits in Agdal Garden, Menara Garden and other gardens in the city. Akal-n-iguinawen – land of the black). ISBN 978-1-4262-0706-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) The medina has at least eight main historic gates: Bab Doukkala, Bab el-Khemis, Bab ad-Debbagh, Bab Aylan, Bab Aghmat, Bab er-Robb, Bab el-Makhzen and Bab el-'Arissa. [138] It was lost for many years until the French rediscovered it in 1917 using aerial photographs. [91], The Jemaa el-Fnaa is one of the best-known squares in Africa and is the centre of city activity and trade. Paul Sullivan cites the souks as the principal shopping attraction in the city: "A honeycomb of intricately connected alleyways, this fundamental section of the old city is a micro-medina in itself, comprising a dizzying number of stalls and shops that range from itsy kiosks no bigger than an elf's wardrobe to scruffy store-fronts that morph into glittering Aladdin's Caves once you're inside. On 28 April 2011, a bomb attack took place in the Jemaa el-Fnaa square, killing 15 people, mainly foreigners. [123][124] The palace is not open to the public, and is now privately owned by French businessman Dominique du Beldi. Located in Marrakech, 2,650 feet walk from a shopping area, Be Live Experience Marrakech Palmeraie - All Inclusive features a swimming pool, a fitness area and free WiFi throughout the property. The separate freight terminal has 340 m2 (3,700 sq ft) of covered space. [17] The mosque was repaired by the Saadi sultan Moulay Abd Allah al-Ghalib following a devastating explosion at a nearby gunpowder reserve in the second half of the 16th century. Marrakesh is a major centre for law and jurisdiction in Morocco and most of the major courts of the region are here. The souks contain a massive range of items from plastic sandals to Palestinian-style scarves imported from India or China. The Marrakech Museum is located in the old centre, … The surrounding mosque, palace, hospital, parade ground and gardens around the edges of the marketplace were also overhauled, and the Kasbah was fortified. Set in a 17 hectares (42 acres) olive grove at La Palmeraie, the hotel has 252 rooms, 16 suites, six restaurants and a 535 square metres (5,760 sq ft) conference room. Contemporary art includes sculpture and figurative paintings. [5], Although legend mentions that this Palmeraie was created from date seeds cast off centuries ago by Arab warriors, it was created during the Almoravid period, using a khettara network. [118], The El Badi Palace flanks the eastern side of the Kasbah. are directly derived from the Berber word Murakush. [89], Since the legislative elections in November 2011, the ruling political party in Marrakesh has, for the first time, been the Justice and Development Party or PDJ which also rules at the national level. Moroccan women who practice craftsmanship are known as Maalems (expert craftspeople) and make such fine products as Berber carpets and shawls made of sabra (cactus silk). Various European names for Morocco (Marruecos, Marrocos, Maroc, Marokko, etc.) Set in a 17 hectares (42 acres) olive grove at La Palmeraie, the hotel has 252 rooms, 16 suites, six restaurants and a 535 square metres (5,760 sq ft) conference room. It attracted numerous western rock stars and musicians, artists, film directors and actors, models, and fashion divas,[44] leading tourism revenues to double in Morocco between 1965 and 1970. [125], The Bahia Palace, set in extensive gardens, was built in the late 19th century by the Grand Vizier of Marrakesh, Si Ahmed ben Musa (Bou-Ahmed). [34] Under the Saadian dynasty, Marrakesh regained its former position as a point of contact for caravan routes from the Maghreb, the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa. Through the clear desert air the eye can follow the rugged contours of the range for great distances to the north and eastward. [119] The lavish palace, which took around a quarter of a century to build, was funded by compensation from the Portuguese and African gold and sugar cane revenue. A number of Moroccan football clubs are here, including Najm de Marrakech, KAC Marrakech, Mouloudia de Marrakech and Chez Ali Club de Marrakech. The three main courses are the Golf de Amelikis on the road to Ourazazate, the Palmeraie Golf Palace near the Palmeraie, and the Royal Golf Club, the oldest of the three courses. [187] By contrast, Gnaoua music is loud and funky with a sound reminiscent of the Blues.