Rallies and demonstrations are frequently held at weekends on different political, religious and general issues. Discover what to see in Trafalgar Square, from historic statues to contemporary art. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square and in the rest of London. There is a dedicated Trafalgar Square Tube station exit, which leads directly onto the square. © 2020 TripAdvisor LLC. The content presents world-class contemporary artworks in the public realm. 1830: The site was officially named Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar Square was officially given its name in 1830. Three of these support bronze statues of General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. Thank you for rating. 1867: Sir Edwin Landseer designed the bronze lions placed on guard at the base of Nelson’s Column. Trafalgar Square is named after Britain’s victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. There is limited Trafalgar Square parking in the vicinity, so you’re advised to take public transport where possible, particularly during events. Although Britain won, war hero Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson was killed during the battle on his ship, HMS Victory. This group guides and monitors the commissions for the plinth. Visit Trafalgar Square at night, and you’ll see these fountains illuminated with LED lights. When the Craigleith quarry in Scotland closed sixty years ago it made getting hold of the stone almost impossible, so previous restorers patched Nelson up using a mixture of mortar and cement. Apply to host your event here: cultural, commercial, rallies, filming, photo shoots, more. London & Partners is the official promotional agency for London. When the central staircase was added, the measures were relocated, and you can now find information about them outside the café on the square. Sculptor Sir Edward Landseer insisted on using a dead lion from London Zoo for his initial sketches of the bronze lions. Coronavirus latest: What you need to know about the national lockdown. All rights reserved. For more information, go to Visit London. We manage Trafalgar Square. Nelson's Column is Grade 1 listed. 1832: Work began on the National Gallery. Many events are hosted at Trafalgar Square, including cultural celebrations, commercial events, rallies and demonstrations, filming and photographic shoots. These events must be arranged through us, find out how on our booking page. However, some Craigleith stone was found during a restoration of Donaldson's School for the Deaf (an A-listed building in Edinburgh). This input is an autocomplete input, results will display as you type. The fourth was left empty until 1999, when it housed the first of a series of contemporary artworks  – find out what’s currently on The Fourth Plinth. Recent inspections found that the column was in sound condition, but recommended conservation work to preserve it for future generations. In July 2003 a huge project to transform Trafalgar Square was completed. Explore one of London’s most iconic open spaces with a visit to Trafalgar Square. Tuck into lunch or dinner in one of the many Trafalgar Square restaurants and cafes, such as relaxed dining at Café on the Square or The National Café, and more refined meals at Bronte, The National Dining Rooms and The Portrait Restaurant. In 1926, Scotland Yard installed a telephone line and light which the police could use to call for assistance. Surveyors can still check ‘Perches’, ‘Chains’ and other archaic measures against feet and yards. The fountains were added in 1845. Find out how to get here and what facilities are available, including at the cafe, on our visiting page. It also plays host to a range of events throughout the year that are supported by the Greater London Authority , who manage the square. This work includes repairs to the stonework, cleaning areas of corrosion, protecting the bronze with wax, general cleaning to remove pigeon guano, and pigeon-proofing minor areas. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square and in the rest of London. The site of Trafalgar Square was previously the Royal Mews from the 14th to the 17th centuries. Sir Edwin Lutyens redesigned the fountains in the 1930s to include new centrepieces featuring dolphins, mermaids and tritons. How to get to Trafalgar Square and what facilities are available there. 1812: The architect John Nash began to develop ‘a new street from Charing Cross to Portland Place’. The changes also included a cafe, public toilets and a lift for disabled access. In 2003, feeding the Trafalgar Square pigeons became illegal in most of the square, with a full ban in place by 2007. He wanted it to be a cultural space open to the public. Discover artworks from the Middle Ages to the 20th century at the National Gallery, or marvel at some of the world’s best portraits at the National Portrait Gallery (closed until 2023 for development), which are both to the north of the square. More recently, it was redeveloped to include a pedestrianised area at the north of the square in 2003. The granite statue was sculpted by E. H. Baily. General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. We promote London and attract businesses, events, congresses, students and visitors to the capital. The fourth plinth, in the northwest of the square, was empty for many years. The mermaids, dolphins and tritons (the male figures with tails like fish) were installed later. Trafalgar Square is a public square that features some of London’s top attractions, from galleries and historic buildings to statues and monuments. The bronze statue by W Behnes stands on a Dartmoor granite pedestal on the South East corner of the square. 1876: The Imperial Measures were set into the north terrace wall (read more about this below). Probably the smallest police box ever built can be found on the southeast corner of the square. Don’t miss the Trafalgar Square police box, which was the smallest police station in London – although some argue it wasn’t technically a police station. It is inspected every two years to assess its condition. The most iconic and big square in London, commemorating the victory of the British Royal Navy at the Battle of Trafalgar . You can attend one of the numerous family-friendly Trafalgar Square events today. A hawk flies around the square every weekday morning to deter pigeons. See the famous lion statues, the iconic fountains and Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square. Its construction began in 1829. Trafalgar Square is in Westminster, in central London. Imperial measurements were added to the walls of the northern part of the square in 1976, during the time of metrication in the UK – these can now be seen next to the Cafe on the Square. Trafalgar Square is a public square that features some of London’s top attractions, from galleries and historic buildings to statues and monuments. 1843: Nelson’s Column, designed by William Railton, was erected. Find out more about cookies in our privacy policy. It was donated to Nelson’s Column restoration by Scottish company Watson Stonecraft. These events must be arranged through us, find out how on our booking page. It also has the café on the square. It’s surrounded by the National Gallery to the north; St Martins-in-the-Fields Church and The Strand to the east; Whitehall to the south; and Admiralty Arch and The Mall to the south west. The four bronze panels at the base of the column depict some of Nelson’s battles. John Nash subsequently redesigned the square, which officially opened in 1844. The north terrace was pedestrianised, so that the square is now linked to the National Gallery. Take your pick from these nearby hotels. Trafalgar Square at Christmas: lighting the tree, carol singing and the blessing of the crib. Snap a selfie with one of the Trafalgar Square lions. Gaze up at Nelson’s Column, the centrepiece of Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar Square, plaza in the City of Westminster, London, named for Lord Nelson’s naval victory (1805) in the Battle of Trafalgar.Possibly the most famous of all London squares, Trafalgar Square has always been public and has had no garden. This is a dynamic search form and results will populate below the input as you type. Enjoy a drink at Trafalgar Square pubs and bars, which can be found around the square and in adjoining streets. Charing Cross is the nearest station (Underground and local train services). 1838: Sir Charles Barry presented a plan to develop Trafalgar Square. William Railton designed the column and statue to honour Admiral Nelson, after his victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. There are four plinths for statues in the square. The bronze bust by William MacMillian, Royal Academician is mounted on a granite pilaster against the north wall of the square. Nelson's contribution was remembered with Nelson’s Column, a key feature of the square. Here at City Hall we are proud to be making our events more sustainable. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The bronze bust by Charles Wheeler, Associate Member of the Royal Academy is mounted on a granite pilaster against the north wall of the square. We manage Trafalgar Square, one of London’s most vibrant spaces in the middle of the city. Scroll down to the venue and map tab below for a Trafalgar Square map. Wander into the spectacular St Martin-in-the-Fields Church, which hosts regular services and concerts, and has a charming cafe in its underground crypt. There are many places to stay near Trafalgar Square, from luxury hotels to budget options. T. 169ft 3in (51.6m) high, 14ft 6in (4.4m) shorter than had previously been thought. Supported by the Mayor of London, these Trafalgar Square free events include multicultural festivals and religious celebrations, ranging from Chinese New Year and Pride in London festivities, to carol singing beneath the Christmas tree, an annual gift from Norway every year since 1947. Spot the four plinths in the corners of the square. Bronze statues stand on three of them: The bronze statue by G G Adams stands on a granite pedestal on the South West Corner of the square. Charing Cross is the nearest station (Underground and local train services). In 2006, it was discovered that Nelson’s Column is actually. The bronze bust by Franta Besley, is mounted on a granite pilaster against the North wall of the square. If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of a PDF or other document on this page in a more accessible format, please get in touch via our online form and tell us which format you need. Nearby parking facilities are provided by Q-Park. Gather around the two spectacular Trafalgar Square fountains, which were added to the square in 1845. William Railton’s Trafalgar Square monument, which was erected in 1805, honours Admiral Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar and includes a 5m-tall (16ft) statue of the naval hero. The bronze equestrian statue by Sir Francis Chantery stands on a granite pedestal to the North East corner of the square. Trafalgar Square is a centre of national democracy and protest. The lions, designed by Sir Edwin Landseer, are said to protect Nelson’s Column. Other nearby Trafalgar Square Underground stations include Leicester Square (six-minute walk), Embankment (eight-minute walk) and Piccadilly Circus (nine-minute walk). Trafalgar Square is surrounded by museums, galleries, cultural spaces and historic buildings. We’ll consider your request and get back to you in 5 working days. The square is decorated with Nelson column in the center, statues of King George IV, General Havelock and General Napier, and fountains of Sir Lutyens. It is now used for storage. It is five metres high and stands on a bronze platform made from old guns from the Woolwich Arsenal Foundry. It is now managed by a Commissioning Group Panel of specialist advisors. Many events are hosted at Trafalgar Square, including cultural celebrations, commercial events, rallies and demonstrations, filming and photographic shoots. The mews moved to its current location at Buckingham Palace in the early 19th century. This included the Nelson memorial statue and two fountains. The restoration team was able to repair damage to the statue using Craigleith sandstone, the original material used to make it. Find out how to become a Partner to enhance your listing and access other benefits. 14th to 17th century: Most of the area now occupied by Trafalgar Square was the courtyard of the Great Mews stabling, which served Whitehall Palace. It also plays host to a range of events throughout the year that are supported by the Greater London Authority, who manage the square. In 1876 the Imperial Measures were set into the north terrace wall. The nearest station to Trafalgar Square is Charing Cross, which is on the Bakerloo and Northern lines, and has mainline rail services connecting to the south east of England. There was originally a lamp, built in 1826. It will also help us if you tell us which assistive technology you use. The four bronze lion statues in London’s famous square were added in 1867 by Sir Edward Landseer and sit at the base of Nelson’s Column as protectors of the monument. The fountains operate on most days. During its history, the square has been a place for protests, demonstrations and large-scale events, which continues to this day. Find out about the history of this heritage site, its statues and its fountains. The Mayor supports this democratic tradition, and gives access to the square for such causes. You can also take a bus to Trafalgar Square, with the following bus routes stopping at the square: 3, 6, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 23, 24, 29, 53, 87, 88, 91, 139, 159, 176 and 453. Try The Rooftop at Trafalgar St James for cocktails and panoramic views or The Admiralty for a traditional pub feel.